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NPIN: Recommended Native Plants - Gulf Marshes and Prairies



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General Appearance

Lifespan

Light requirement
 Sun - 6 or more hrs
 Part shade - 2 to 6 hrs
 Shade - 2 hrs or less

Soil moisture
 Dry - no signs of moisture
 Moist - looks & feels damp
 Wet - saturated
Bloom Time
 Jan  Feb  Mar
 Apr  May  Jun
 Jul  Aug  Sep
 Oct  Nov  Dec
Bloom Color
 White  Red  Pink
 Orange  Yellow  Green
 Blue  Purple  Violet
 Brown  Black

Height (in feet)
 0-1  1-3  3-6  6-12
 12-36  36-72  72-100
 More than 100

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Special Collections

Gulf Marshes and Prairies

The Gulf Marshes, covering approximately 500,000 acres, are on a narrow strip of lowlands adjacent to the coast and the barrier islands (e.g., Padre Island), which extend from Mexico to Louisiana. The Gulf Prairies, about 9 million acres, include the nearly flat plain extending 30 to 80 miles inland from the Gulf Marshes. The Gulf Marshes are a low, wet, marshy coastal area, commonly covered with saline water, and range from sea level to a few feet in elevation. The Gulf Prairies are nearly level and virtually undissected plains having slow surface drainage and elevations from sea level to 250 feet. Soils of the Gulf Marshes are dark, poorly drained sandy loams and clays, and light neutral sands, typically showing little textural change with depth. The loamy and clayey soils are commonly saline and sodic. Prairie soils are dark, neutral to slightly acid clay loams and clays in the northeastern parts. Further south in the subhumid Coastal Bend, the soils are less acidic. A narrow band of light acid sands and darker loamy to clayey soils stretches along the coast. Inland from the dark clayey soils is a narrow belt of lighter acid fine sandy loam soils with gray to brown, and red mottled subsoils. Soils of the river bottomlands and broad deltaic plains are reddish brown to dark gray, slightly acid to calcareous, loamy to clayey alluvial.

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scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery
Abronia fragransFragrant verbena
Sand verbena
Snowball
Snowball sand verbena
Sweet sand-verbena
Acer barbatumSouthern sugar maple
Florida maple
Caddo maple
Rock maple
Acacia farnesianaHuisache
Sweet acacia
Mealy wattle
Achillea millefoliumCommon yarrow
Yarrow
Milfoil
Western yarrow
Acer negundoAsh-leaf maple
Ash-leaved maple
Box elder
Boxelder
Fresno de guajuco
Acer rubrum var. drummondiiDrummond's maple
Drummond red maple
Swamp maple
Adiantum capillus-venerisSouthern maidenhair fern
Common maidenhair fern
Maidenhair fern
Venus hair fern
Aesculus pavia var. flavescensTexas yellow buckeye
Yellow woolly buckeye
Pale buckeye
Plateau yellow buckeye
Aesculus pavia var. paviaScarlet buckeye
Red buckeye
Southern buckeye
Firecracker plant
Allium canadense var. canadenseCanada onion
Meadow garlic
Wild onion
Allium canadense var. mobilenseMeadow garlic
Wild onion
Allium coryiYellow-flowered onion
Yellowflower onion
Allium drummondiiDrummond's onion
Wild Garlic
Drummond wild onion
Alophia drummondiiPropeller flower
Purple pleat-leaf
Pinewoods lily
Prairie iris
Pleatleaf iris
Aloysia gratissimaWhitebrush
Bee-brush
White-brush
Common bee-brush
Beebrush
Privet lippia
Ampelopsis arboreaPeppervine
Ampelopsis cordataHeartleaf peppervine
Heart-leaf ampelopsis
Amorpha fruticosaIndigo bush
False indigo bush
False indigo
Desert false indigo
Amsonia illustrisOzark bluestar
Showy blue-star
Missouri blue star
Swamp bluestar
Amblyolepis setigeraHuisache daisy
Butterfly daisy
Honey daisy
Amyris texanaChapotillo
Texas torchwood
Andropogon gerardiiBig bluestem
Turkeyfoot
Andropogon glomeratusBushy bluestem
Brushy bluestem
Andropogon ternariusSplitbeard bluestem
Andropogon virginicusBroomsedge bluestem
Broom-sedge
Aphanostephus skirrhobasisLazy daisy
Arkansas lazy daisy
Arkansas dozedaisy
Argemone mexicanaMexican pricklypoppy
Mexican prickly poppy
Yellow pricklypoppy
Aristolochia serpentariaVirginia snakeroot
Virginia dutchmanspipe
Aristolochia tomentosaWoolly Dutchman's pipe
Common Dutchman's pipe
Asimina parvifloraSmallflower pawpaw
Small-flower pawpaw
Dwarf pawpaw
Asplenium platyneuronEbony spleenwort
Asimina trilobaPawpaw
Indian banana
Common pawpaw
Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioidesSouthern lady fern
Avicennia germinansBlack mangrove
Baccharis halimifoliaGroundseltree
Sea-myrtle
Consumptionweed
Eastern baccharis
Groundsel
Groundsel bush
Salt marsh-elder
Salt bush
Florida groundsel bush
Batis maritimaTurtleweed
Seaside saltwort
Baccharis neglectaFalse Willow
Jara dulce
Poverty Weed
Roosevelt Weed
Berlandiera pumilaSoft greeneyes
Bothriochloa barbinodisCane bluestem
Bouteloua curtipendulaSideoats grama
Bouteloua dactyloidesBuffalograss
Buffalo grass
Borrichia frutescensBushy seaside tansy
Bushy seaside-tansy
Ox-eye daisy
Sea daisy
Sea ox-eye
Bouteloua hirsutaHairy grama
Bouteloua rigidisetaTexas grama
Bothriochloa saccharoidesSilver bluestem
Longspike silver bluestem
Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifoliusBerlandier's sundrops
Square-bud primrose
Sundrops
Square-bud day-primrose
Castela erecta ssp. texanaAllthorn goatbush
Amargoso
Goat-bush
Texan goatbush
Calylophus hartwegiiHartweg's sundrops
Western Primrose
Carya illinoinensisPecan
Castilleja indivisaEntireleaf indian paintbrush
Texas paintbrush
Indian paintbrush
Scarlet paintbrush
Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush
Callirhoe involucrataWinecup
Purple poppy mallow
Callisia micranthaCherisse
Littleflower roseling
Carya ovataShagbark hickory
Castanea pumilaChinkapin
Allegheny chinquapin
Allegheny-chinkapin
Chinquapin
Campsis radicansTrumpet creeper
Trumpet vine
Common trumpet creeper
Cow vine
Carya texanaBlack hickory
Ceanothus americanusNew Jersey tea
Redroot
Centaurea americanaAmerican basket-flower
American star-thistle
Basket-Flower
Star thistle
Shaving brush
Cercis canadensis var. canadensisEastern redbud
Celtis ehrenbergianaDesert hackberry
Spiny hackberry
Granjeno
Shiny hackberry
Huasteco
Celtis laevigataSugar hackberry
Hackberry
Sugarberry
Texas sugarberry
Palo blanco
Cephalanthus occidentalisCommon buttonbush
Buttonbush
Button willow
Chamaecrista fasciculataPartridge pea
Sleepingplant
Sensitive plant
Chasmanthium latifoliumInland sea oats
Indian wood oats
Wild oats
River oats
Flathead oats
Upland Oats
Upland Sea Oats
Chromolaena odorataJack in the bush
Fragrant boneset
Fragrant mistflower
Crucita
Blue mistflower
Chloris virgataFeather fingergrass
Showy chloris
Cirsium texanumTexas thistle
Clematis crispaSwamp leatherflower
Curly clematis
Blue jasmine
Curlflower
Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicenseJamaica swamp sawgrass
Jamaican Saw-grass
Saw-grass
Clematis pitcheriPurple clematis
Purple leatherflower
Leatherflower
Bluebill
Cocculus carolinusCarolina snailseed
Carolina coralbead
Carolina moonseed
Red berried moonseed
Carolina red berried moonseed
Cornus drummondiiRoughleaf dogwood
Drummond's dogwood
Rough-leaf dogwood
Cooperia drummondiiEvening rain lily
Evening star rain lily
Cooperia pedunculataHill Country rain lily
Prairie lily
Rain lily
Coreopsis tinctoriaPlains coreopsis
Golden tickseed
Goldenwave
Calliopsis
Crinum americanumAmerican crinum lily
Seven sisters
Swamp lily
Southern swamp lily
String lily
Crinum lily
Crataegus viridisGreen hawthorn
Southern thorn
Cyrilla racemifloraSwamp titi
Titi
Leatherwood
Swamp cyrilla
Palo colorado
Datura wrightiiSacred thorn-apple
Jimsonweed
Thorn apple
Datura
Angel Trumpet
Sacred datura
Delphinium carolinianum ssp. vimineumCarolina larkspur
Prairie larkspur
Desmanthus illinoensisIllinois bundleflower
Bundleflower
Prairie bundle flower
Prickleweed
Illinois Desmanthus
Prairie mimosa
Digitaria californicaArizona cottontop
California cottontop
California crab grass
Cottontop
Diospyros virginianaCommon persimmon
Eastern persimmon
Dracopis amplexicaulisClasping coneflower
Clasping-leaf coneflower
Echeandia chandleriChandler's craglily
Lila de los llanos
Echinacea pallidaPale purple coneflower
Pale coneflower
Echinacea purpureaEastern purple coneflower
Purple coneflower
Elymus canadensisCanada wild rye
Canadian wildrye
Prairie wildrye
Nodding wildrye
Elionurus tripsacoidesPan American balsamscale
Eriogonum annuumAnnual buckwheat
Wild Buckwheat
Erythrina herbaceaCoralbean
Cherokee bean
Red cardinal
Eryngium leavenworthiiLeavenworth's eryngo
Eryngo
Eriogonum multiflorumWild buckwheat
Heartsepal buckwheat
Heart-sepal wild buckwheat
Eriochloa sericeaTexas cupgrass
Eragrostis spectabilisPurple lovegrass
Purple love grass
Purple plains lovegrass
Tumblegrass
Petticoat climber
Eryngium yuccifoliumButton eryngo
Button snakeroot
Rattlesnake master
Beargrass
Bear's grass
Euphorbia cyathophoraWild Poinsettia
Poinsettia
Fire on the Mountain
Euphorbia marginataSnow on the mountain
Snow-on-the-mountain
Eubotrys racemosaFetter-bush
Leucothoe
Swamp doghobble
Sweet-bells Leucothe
Sweetbells
Eupatorium serotinumLateflowering thoroughwort
White boneset
Late boneset
Late-flowering boneset
scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery

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