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Shockley, Judith and Lonnie
Aesculus pavia var. flavescens (Sarg.) Correll
Texas yellow buckeye, Yellow woolly buckeye, Pale buckeye, Plateau yellow buckeye
USDA Symbol: AEPAF
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A variety of Aesculus pavia that is found in nature only on the western Edwards Plateau of central Texas, where it replaces A. pavia var. pavia. It shares most of the physical characteristics of its species but has pale to vivid yellow flowers, hairier leaves, and a small stature, usually growing no more than 5 to 15 feet tall.
As befits its environment, it prefers rocky limestone soils and is often found on northern exposures. This variety shares its species tendency to lose its leaves by the end of summer. Where its range overlaps with that of variety pavia, red-and-yellow-flowered hybrids occur.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub
, Tree Root Type: Tap Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Palmate Leaf Shape: Elliptic Leaf Venation: Pinnate Leaf Pubescence:
Tomentose Leaf Margin: Crenate
, Serrate Leaf Apex: Acuminate Breeding System:
, Monoecious Inflorescence: Panicle Size Notes:
Width 6 to 10 ft., height 5 to 15 ft. Leaf:
Green, turning yellow before leaf fall Flower:
Flowers in 6 inch panicles. Two uppermost petals the longest. Stamens
usually no longer than the longest petals
Brown 1 to 2 inches Size Class:
6-12 ft. , 12-36 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar
TX Native Distribution:
Limited to a few counties on the western Edwards Plateau of central Texas: Kerr, Kendall, Bandera, Uvalde, Real, Blanco, and Comal. Native Habitat:
Shaded woods, hillsides, slopes, and thickets with rocky, limestone soil, often on northern exposures. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2)
Soil Description: Well-drained, rocky, limestone soils
Conditions Comments: Often found on northern exposures
BenefitUse Ornamental: Ornamental yellow spring blooms
Use Wildlife: Flowers attract bees and hummingbirds.
Use Other: Seeds and young shoots of this species crushed and used by indigenous people to stun fish for easy capture. Roots contain saponins used for soap.
Warning: Seeds and young shoots poisonous if ingested.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: Moderate
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Cuttings , Seeds
Description: Sow seed fresh and untreated in well-drained soil. Dormant root cuttings of 3 inches sometimes successfully propagated.
Seed Collection: Collect when seeds firm and golden brown.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Water during prolonged drought to delay leaf loss.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Hill Country Natives
- Leander, TX
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
NPSOT - Austin Chapter
- Austin, TX
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2010-06-19
Research By: TWC Staff, GDG