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Aristolochia serpentaria (Virginia snakeroot) | NPIN

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Aristolochia serpentaria (Virginia snakeroot)
Knight, Marilyn McBroom

Aristolochia serpentaria

Aristolochia serpentaria L.

Virginia snakeroot, Virginia dutchmanspipe

Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort Family)

Synonym(s): Aristolochia convolvulacea, Aristolochia hastata, Aristolochia nashii, Aristolochia serpentaria var. hastata, Aristolochia serpentaria var. nashii, Endodeca serpentaria, Endodeca serpentaria var. hastata

USDA Symbol: ARSE3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Lanceolate
Leaf Venation: Pinnate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Apex: Acuminate , Acute
Leaf Base: Truncate
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Climber
Flower: Flowers 3/4 inch
Fruit: 1-2 cm
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV
Native Habitat: Stream banks, Flood plains, bottomland

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay


Use Ornamental: Showy, Ground cover
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Larval Host: Pipevine swallowtail butterfly.

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Aristolochia serpentaria is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Pipevine Swallowtail
(Battus philenor)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA


Propagation Material: Seeds

From the National Suppliers Directory

According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:

Enchanter's Garden - Hinton, WV

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Natural Biodiversity - Johnstown, PA
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE


Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender

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Recommended Species Lists

Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.

View Recommended Species page

Additional resources

USDA: Find Aristolochia serpentaria in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Aristolochia serpentaria in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Aristolochia serpentaria


Record Modified: 2013-08-18
Research By: TWC Staff

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