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Flaigg, Norman G.
Gaillardia suavis (A. Gray & Engelm.) Britton & Rusby
Perfumeballs, Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia
Synonym(s): Agassizia suavis, Gaillardia trinervata
USDA Symbol: GASU
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Perfumeballs or rayless gaillardia is a slender, upright, clumped perennial, to 24 in. tall, often forming dense stands. Fragrant, solitary flowers are terminal on leafless stalks. Rays are few, yellow to orange or red, very short, and soon falling off. Reddish-brown disk flowers are numerous, forming a rounded, pincushion-like head. Leaves are all basal.
Not as showy as G. pulchella, but what it lacks in color is made up in fragrance. Adequate moisture and removal of mature flower heads will encourage flowering until fall.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Size Notes:
1-2 feet. Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color:
Red , Brown Bloom Time:
Mar , Apr , May Bloom Notes: Ray
flowers sometimes absent.
, TX Native Distribution: OK
to n. Mex. Native Habitat:
Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs, Woodlands edge, Opening
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry Soil pH:
Acidic (pH<6.8) Soil Description:
Sandy, calcareous soils. Clay Loam, Clay, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam Conditions Comments:
petals on pincushion daisy are small and inconspicuous, but what the blooms lack in body, they make up for in fragrance. On
a warm day, a mass of blooming pincushion daisy exudes a pleasant aroma. The pompom flower
heads lend variety to a garden and to flower
BenefitUse Ornamental: Pocket prairie, Wildflower meadow
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Easily grown from seed. Seed Collection:
Collect seed in June. Seed Treatment:
Not Available Commercially Avail:
Adequate moisture and removal of mature flower
heads will encourage flowering until fall.
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Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0743
Collected May 4. 1994 in Bexar County by Judith C. Berry
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-693
Collected 2008-07-02 in Blanco County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2012-06-16
Research By: TWC Staff