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Marcus, Joseph A.
Allium canadense var. canadense L.
Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion
USDA Symbol: ALCAC
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Wild onion grows 8–24 inches tall. It has 2 leaves, sometimes more, that are shorter than the flower stem. The flowers are in a round, compact cluster, 1–1 1/2 inches in diameter. The 6 tepals are about 1/4 inch long, white to lavender, fading with age. The plant grows from a bulb which tastes like cultivated onion.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Simple Flower:
Flowers in 4 inch globe
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Apr , May
AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: NB Native Habitat:
Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Soil Description: Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Calcareous
BenefitUse Ornamental: Attractive, Blooms ornamental, Pocket prairie, Shortgrass meadow
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0826
Collected Mar 12, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry CliffeNPSOT 0796
Collected Apr 28, 1994 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff