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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Carya texana Buckl.
USDA Symbol: CATE9
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A small tree; leaves alternate, pinnately compound, 5-7 leaflets; leaf-scar heart-shaped; bud small, brown, symmetrical; nut slightly four-winged; 2.5-3 cm in diameter. Up to 40 feet in rich bottomlands and 30 feet tall in shallow, rocky soils.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Mar
AL , AR , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MO , MS , OK , TN , TX Native Distribution:
S.w. IN, c. IL, MO & s.e. KS, s. to c. OK, Edwards Plateau, s. TX & LA Native Habitat:
Rocky, upland forests; well-drained slopes USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Variable. Rocky, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay.
Conditions Comments: One of the most adaptable of all hickories but prefers thinner, well-drained areas. Difficult to transplant because of a large taproot.
Fall conspicuous Use Wildlife:
Substrate-insectivorous birds, Cover, Nesting site, Fruit-birds. Starvation browse for deer; nuts eaten. Attracts:
Butterflies Larval Host:
Serves as a primary host for some magnificent moths, including the luna, funeral dagger, and giant regal. Banded hairstreak.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Most easily grown from fresh seed sown immediately after collection or stratified and sown in spring. Increase by hardwood cuttings is usually successful.
Seed Collection: Collect nuts from September to November. Husks usually dry and split open by themselves when the nuts are mature. Persistent husks can be removed with a corn sheller.
Seed Treatment: Embyro dormancy can be overcome by moist stratification at 33-40 degrees for 30-150 days. Older seeds require less stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
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Record Modified: 2008-06-02
Research By: DEW