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Crataegus viridis L.
Green hawthorn, Southern thorn
USDA Symbol: CRVI2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Thicket-forming tree with straight, often fluted, trunk and rounded, dense crown of spreading branches, shiny foliage, showy flowers, and small red to yellow fruit.
In 1753 Linnaeus gave this species its Latin name, meaning green, from a specimen with shiny green foliage sent from Virginia.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf:
Yellow-Green Autumn Foliage:
Bright red to orange Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
, WV Native Distribution:
Delaware south to N. Florida, west to E. Texas, and north to SW. Indiana; to about 500 (152 m). Native Habitat:
Open woodlands, Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
Conditions Comments: Suitable for most sites and soils; will grow best in sunny location.
Showy, Understory tree,
Blooms ornamental Use Wildlife:
Nectar-bees, Nectar-butterflies, Fruit-birds, Fruit-mammals, Cover, Nesting site. Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds , Butterflies Larval Host:
Kings hairstreak, Gray hairstreak, Soapberry hairstreak, Banded hairstreak, Red-Banded hairstreak. Deer Resistant:
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1141
Collected 2007-11-16 in Liberty County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-07
Research By: NPC