Gulf Marshes and Prairies

The Gulf Marshes, covering approximately 500,000 acres, are on a narrow strip of lowlands adjacent to the coast and the barrier islands (e.g., Padre Island), which extend from Mexico to Louisiana. The Gulf Prairies, about 9 million acres, include the nearly flat plain extending 30 to 80 miles inland from the Gulf Marshes. The Gulf Marshes are a low, wet, marshy coastal area, commonly covered with saline water, and range from sea level to a few feet in elevation. The Gulf Prairies are nearly level and virtually undissected plains having slow surface drainage and elevations from sea level to 250 feet. Soils of the Gulf Marshes are dark, poorly drained sandy loams and clays, and light neutral sands, typically showing little textural change with depth. The loamy and clayey soils are commonly saline and sodic. Prairie soils are dark, neutral to slightly acid clay loams and clays in the northeastern parts. Further south in the subhumid Coastal Bend, the soils are less acidic. A narrow band of light acid sands and darker loamy to clayey soils stretches along the coast. Inland from the dark clayey soils is a narrow belt of lighter acid fine sandy loam soils with gray to brown, and red mottled subsoils. Soils of the river bottomlands and broad deltaic plains are reddish brown to dark gray, slightly acid to calcareous, loamy to clayey alluvial.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia fragrans
Fragrant verbena, Sand verbena, Snowball, Snowball sand verbena, Sweet sand-verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache, Sweet acacia, Mealy wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acer barbatum
Southern sugar maple, Florida maple, Caddo maple, Rock maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acer negundo
Ash-leaf maple, Ash-leaved maple, Box elder, Boxelder, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum var. drummondii
Drummond's maple, Drummond red maple, Swamp maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern maidenhair fern, Common maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aesculus pavia var. flavescens
Texas yellow buckeye, Yellow woolly buckeye, Pale buckeye, Plateau yellow buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus pavia var. pavia
Scarlet buckeye, Red buckeye, Southern buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Allium canadense var. canadense
Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium canadense var. mobilense
Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium coryi
Yellow-flowered onion, Yellowflower onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium drummondii
Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Alophia drummondii
Propeller flower, Purple pleat-leaf, Pinewoods lily, Prairie iris, Pleatleaf iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amblyolepis setigera
Huisache daisy, Butterfly daisy, Honey daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelopsis arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelopsis cordata
Heartleaf peppervine, Heart-leaf ampelopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amsonia illustris
Ozark bluestar, Showy blue-star, Missouri blue star, Swamp bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amyris texana
Chapotillo, Texas torchwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon ternarius
Splitbeard bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge bluestem, Broom-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aphanostephus skirrhobasis
Lazy daisy, Arkansas lazy daisy, Arkansas dozedaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone mexicana
Mexican prickly poppy, Mexican prickly poppy, Yellow prickly poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristolochia serpentaria
Virginia snakeroot, Virginia dutchmanspipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Aristolochia tomentosa
Woolly Dutchman's pipe, Common Dutchman's pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asimina parviflora
Smallflower pawpaw, Small-flower pawpaw, Dwarf pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Asimina triloba
Pawpaw, Indian banana, Common pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium platyneuron
Ebony spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides
Southern lady fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Avicennia germinans
Black mangrove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baccharis halimifolia
Groundseltree, Sea-myrtle, Consumptionweed, Eastern baccharis, Groundsel, Groundsel bush, Salt marsh-elder, Salt bush, Florida groundsel bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Batis maritima
Turtleweed, Seaside saltwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Berlandiera pumila
Soft greeneyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Borrichia frutescens
Bushy seaside tansy, Ox-eye daisy, Bushy seaside-tansy, Sea daisy, Sea ox-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Cane bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bothriochloa saccharoides
Silver bluestem, Longspike silver bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callisia micrantha
Cherisse, Littleflower roseling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius
Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud day-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calylophus hartwegii
Hartweg's sundrops, Western Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carya ovata
Shagbark hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carya texana
Black hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castanea pumila
Chinkapin, Allegheny chinquapin, Allegheny-chinkapin, Chinquapin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castela erecta ssp. texana
Allthorn goatbush, Amargoso, Goat-bush, Texan goatbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja indivisa
Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis ehrenbergiana
Desert hackberry, Spiny hackberry, Granjeno, Shiny hackberry, Huasteco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurea americana
American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis var. canadensis
Eastern redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris virgata
Feather fingergrass, Showy chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chromolaena odorata
Jack in the bush, Fragrant boneset, Fragrant mistflower, Crucita, Blue mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica swamp sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis crispa
Swamp leatherflower, Curly clematis, Blue jasmine, Curlflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis pitcheri
Purple clematis, Purple leatherflower, Leatherflower, Bluebill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cooperia drummondii
Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cooperia pedunculata
Prairie lily, Rain lily, Hill Country rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus viridis
Green hawthorn, Southern thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Crinum americanum
American crinum lily, Seven sisters, Swamp lily, Southern swamp lily, String lily, Crinum lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Cyrilla racemiflora
Swamp titi, Titi, Leatherwood, Swamp cyrilla, Palo colorado

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Datura wrightii
Sacred thorn-apple, Jimsonweed, Thorn apple, Datura, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. vimineum
Carolina larkspur, Prairie larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Digitaria californica
Arizona cottontop, California cottontop, California crab grass, Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dracopis amplexicaulis
Clasping coneflower, Clasping-leaf coneflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Echeandia chandleri
Chandler's craglily, Lila de los llanos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea pallida
Pale purple coneflower, Pale coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Echinacea purpurea
Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elionurus tripsacoides
Pan American balsamscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eriochloa sericea
Texas cupgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum annuum
Annual buckwheat, Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum multiflorum
Wild buckwheat, Heartsepal buckwheat, Heart-sepal wild buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo, False purple thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eryngium yuccifolium
Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Rattlesnake master, Beargrass, Bear's grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Erythrina herbacea
Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eubotrys racemosa
Fetter-bush, Leucothoe, Swamp doghobble, Sweet-bells Leucothe, Sweetbells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia cyathophora
Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire on the Mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euphorbia marginata
Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus americana
White ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia suavis
Perfumeballs, Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaura lindheimeri
Lindheimer's beeblossom, White gaura, Butterfly gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geum canadense
White avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia canadensis
Rose vervain, Sweet william, Rose mock vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey locust, Common Honey-locust, Honey-locust, Thornless common honey-locust, Honey shucks, Sweet-locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Guaiacum angustifolium
Texas lignum-vitae, Soapbush, Guayacan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Halesia diptera
Two-wing silverbell, Silver bell, Two-winged silverbell, Snowdrop tree, American snowdrop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hamamelis virginiana
Witch hazel, American witch hazel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Havardia pallens
Tenaza, Huajillo, Ape's ear-ring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helianthus angustifolius
Swamp sunflower, Narrowleaf sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt heliotrope, Seaside heliotrope, Quail plant, Cola de mico, Cola de gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture heliotrope, White heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Herbertia lahue
Prairie nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Heteropogon contortus
Tanglehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hibiscus coccineus
Scarlet rosemallow, Crimson rosemallow, Wild red mallow, Texas star hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrangea quercifolia
Oakleaf hydrangea, Oak-leaf hydrangea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hydrolea ovata
Ovate false fiddleleaf, Blue Water Leaf, Hairy Hydrolea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hymenocallis liriosme
Spring spiderlily, Spider Lily, Spring Spider Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hymenopappus artemisiifolius
Old plainsman, Oldplainsman, Woolly-white

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's globeberry, Balsam gourd, Globe berry, Snake apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex opaca
American holly, Christmas holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Ilex verticillata
Common winterberry, Michigan holly, Black alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ipomoea imperati
Beach morning glory, Beach morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juglans nigra
Black walnut, Eastern black walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola
Southern redcedar, Southern red-cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Justicia americana
American water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Justicia pilosella
Gregg's tubetongue, Hairy Tube-tongue, False Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Kosteletzkya virginica
Virginia saltmarsh mallow, Virginia fen-rose, Seashore mallow, Salt Marsh-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris elegans
Pink-scale blazing star, Pink-scale gayfeather, Pink-scale liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris mucronata
Cusp gayfeather, Cusp blazing star, Cusp liatris, Narrow-leaf gayfeather, Narrow-leaf blazing star, Narrow-leaf liatris, Texas gayfeather, Texas blazing star, Texas liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris pycnostachya
Prairie blazing star, Prairie gayfeather, Prairie liatris, Kansas blazing star, Kansas gayfeather, Kansas liatris, Cat-tail blazing star, Cat-tail gayfeather, Cat-tail liatris, Hairy button-snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Lindera benzoin
Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Lindheimera texana
Texas yellowstar, Texas star, Lindheimer daisy, Texas yellow star

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri
Berlandier's yellow flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lippia alba
Bushy lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American sweetgum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lithospermum incisum
Narrowleaf stoneseed, Puccoon, Fringed puccoon, Narrowleaf gromwell, Fringed gromwell, Narrow-leaved puccoon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lonicera sempervirens
Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lycium berlandieri
Berlandier's wolfberry, Wolfberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lycium carolinianum
Carolina wolfberry, Carolina desert-thorn, Creeping wolfberry, Christmas berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Maclura pomifera
Osage orange, Bois d' arc, Bodark, Horse apple, Hedge apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Magnolia grandiflora
Southern magnolia, Evergreen magnolia, Bull bay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Malpighia glabra
Acerola, Barbados Cherry, Manzanita, Wild crapemyrtle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Manfreda variegata
Mottled tuberose, Huaco, Manfreda, Texas tuberose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Marshallia caespitosa
Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Marsilea macropoda
Bigfoot water clover, Water clover, Clover-fern, Largefoot pepperwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine, Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mitchella repens
Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Running box, Pigeon plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus rubra
Red mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Nelumbo lutea
American lotus, Yellow water lotus, Yellow lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nemophila phacelioides
Baby blue-eyes, Flannel breeches, Large-flower baby-blue-eyes, Largeflower baby blue eyes, Texas baby blue eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nuphar lutea
Yellow pond-lily, Cow lily, Spatter dock, Yellow cow lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nuphar lutea ssp. advena
Common spatterdock, Yellow cow lily, Yellow pond lily, Spatterdock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nymphaea odorata
American white water lily, Fragrant white water lily, Fragrant water lily, White water lily, Sweet-scented white water lily, Sweet-scented water lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nymphoides aquatica
Big floatingheart, Floating hearts

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive fern, Bead fern, Sympathy fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii
Cactus apple, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Osmunda cinnamomea
Cinnamon fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Osmunda regalis
Royal fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Oxalis stricta
Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia callosa
Small palafox, Small palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia hookeriana
Sand palafox, Hooker palafoxia, Sand palafoxia, Hooker's palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea
Rosy palafox, Rose palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia sphacelata
Othake, Sand palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pappophorum bicolor
Pink pappasgrass, Pink pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Palo Verde, Jerusalem thorn, Lluvia de Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum floridanum
Florida paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum monostachyum
Gulfdune paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Passiflora foetida
Corona de Cristo, Scarlet-fruit passion flower, Fetid passionflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Passiflora incarnata
Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora lutea
Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Peltandra virginica
Green arrow arum, Tuckahoe, Arrow arum, Green arum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Penstemon cobaea
Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue, Wild foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon tenuis
Brazos Penstemon, Brazos Beardtongue, Gulf Penstemon, Gulf Beardtongue, Gulf Coast Penstemon, Gulf Coast Beardtongue, Sharp-sepal Penstemon, Sharp-sepal Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phacelia patuliflora
Blue Phacelia, Sand phacelia, Sand Scorpion-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox drummondii
Annual phlox, Phlox, Drummond phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox drummondii ssp. mcallisteri
McAllister's phlox, Drummond phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox glabriflora
Rio Grande phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox pilosa
Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox pilosa ssp. pilosa
Downy phlox, Fragrant phlox, Prairie Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox roemeriana
Goldeneye phlox, Golden-eye Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Physostegia angustifolia
False Dragon-head, Narrowleaf false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia intermedia
Intermediate false dragonhead, Marsh obedient-plant, Obedient-plant, Slender false dragonhead, Spring obedient plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa
Fall obedient plant, False dragonhead, Lionheart, Obedient plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinus palustris
Longleaf pine, Georgia pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Poa arachnifera
Texas bluegrass, Texas blue grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polygala alba
White milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polystichum acrostichoides
Christmas fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pontederia cordata
Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's horn, Unicorn plant, Proboscis flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw plum, Sandhill plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus gracilis
Oklahoma plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus rivularis
Creek plum, Hog plum, River plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pteridium aquilinum var. pseudocaudatum
Bracken fern, Bracken, Western bracken fern, Western bracken

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus hemisphaerica
Darlington oak, Laurel oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus incana
Bluejack oak, Sandjack oak, Upland willow oak, Cinnamon oak, Shin oak, Turkey oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus laurifolia
Laurel oak, Swamp laurel oak, Darlington oak, Diamond-leaf oak, Laurel-leaf oak, Water oak, Obtuse oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Quercus macrocarpa
Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus marilandica
Blackjack oak, Barren oak, Black oak, Jack oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus michauxii
Swamp chestnut oak, Basket oak, Cow oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus nigra
Water oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Quercus stellata
Post oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus virginiana
Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Live oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ranunculus macranthus
Large buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhexia mariana
Maryland meadow-beauty, Pale meadow-beauty, Meadow beauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus trivialis
Dewberry, Southern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia humilis
Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabal minor
Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabatia campestris
Texas star, Rose gentian, Meadow pink, Prairie rose-gentian, Prairie sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Saccharum giganteum
Sugarcane plumegrass, Giant plume grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salvia azurea
Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's tail, Lizard's-tail, Breast weed, Water dragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Setaria parviflora
Marsh bristlegrass, Knotroot bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Setaria vulpiseta
Plains bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon celastrinum
Coma Saffron plum, La Coma, Saffron plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Silphium gracile
Slender rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium langloisii
Roadside blue-eyed grass, Dotted blue-eyed grass, Southern blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium sagittiferum
Blue-eyed grass, Spearbract blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Smilax laurifolia
Laurel greenbrier, Laurel greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Canada goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sophora tomentosa
Yellow necklacepod, Yellow sophora, Necklace pod, Tambalisa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spartina spartinae
Gulf cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spigelia marilandica
Woodland pinkroot, Pinkroot, Indian pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus compositus var. compositus
Composite dropseed, Tall dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sporobolus cryptandrus
Sand dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum subulatum
Baby's breath aster, Annual Aster, Eastern annual saltmarsh aster, Blackland aster, Hierba del Marrano

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tephrosia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's hoarypea, Hoary Pea, Lindheimer tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thalia dealbata
Powdery alligator-flag, Powdery thalia, Water canna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Purple meadow-rue, Meadow rue, Tall meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Thelypteris kunthii
Wood fern, River fern, Southern shield fern, Kunth's maiden fern, Normal shield fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia gigantea
Giant spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia ohiensis
Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Trichloris pluriflora
Multi-flowered false-rhodesgrass, Multiflower false Rhodes grass, Showy chloris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Tridens albescens
White tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens flavus
Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus' looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Triplasis purpurea
Purple sandgrass, Purple triplasis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Typha latifolia
Broadleaf cattail, Common cat-tail, Broad-leaf cat-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ulmus alata
Winged elm, Wahoo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ulmus americana
American elm, White elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Utricularia radiata
Little floating bladderwort, Floating bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Vaccinium arboreum
Farkleberry, Tree sparkleberry, Sparkleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Verbena halei
Texas vervain, Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Slender vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vernonia lindheimeri
Woolly ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola walteri
Walter's violet, Prostrate blue violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis cinerea var. helleri
Winter grape, Heller's grape, Gray-leaf grape, Smooth-leaf grape, Sweet grape, Spanish grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis mustangensis
Mustang grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Wedelia texana
Zexmenia, Orange zexmenia, Wedelia, Hairy wedelia, Texas creeping-oxeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Wisteria frutescens
American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Woodwardia areolata
Netted chainfern, Chain fern, Netted chain fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Woodwardia virginica
Virginia chainfern, Virginia chain fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Xanthisma texanum ssp. drummondii
Drummond's sleepydaisy, Sleepy-Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Xylosma flexuosa
Brush holly, Brushholly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
Hercules' club

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum fagara
Lime prickly ash, Colima

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry