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General Appearance

Lifespan

Light requirement
 Sun - 6 or more hrs
 Part shade - 2 to 6 hrs
 Shade - 2 hrs or less

Soil moisture
 Dry - no signs of moisture
 Moist - looks & feels damp
 Wet - saturated

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 Jul  Aug  Sep
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 Blue  Purple  Violet
 Brown  Black

Height (in feet)
 0-1  1-3  3-6  6-12
 12-36  36-72  72-100
 More than 100

Leaf Arrangement
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 Whorled
 Fascicled

Leaf Retention
 Deciduous
 Evergreen
 Semi-evergreen

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Special Collections

Cross Timbers and Prairies

The Cross Timbers and Prairies area in North Central Texas includes the Cross Timbers, Grand Prairie, and North Central Prairies land resource areas. This area represents the southern extension of the Central Lowlands and the western extreme of the Coastal Plains. The wide variances in geologic formations bring about sharp contrasts in topography, soils, and vegetation. Upland soils of both the East and West Cross Timbers are light, slightly acid loamy sands and sandy loams with yellowish brown to red clayey subsoils. Bottomland soils have small, dark, neutral to calcareous clayey areas, and loamy alluvial soils occur along the minor streams. Upland soils are dark, deep to shallow, and stony calcareous clays with subsoils of lighter, limy earths and limestone fragments. Bottomland soils are reddish brown, loamy to clayey calcareous alluvial. The North Central Prairies are interspersed with rapidly drained sandstone and shaley ridges and hills occupied by scrub live oak, juniper, and mesquite. Uplands are brown, sandy loam to silt loam, slightly acid soils over red to gray, neutral to alkaline clayey subsoils. Bottomland soils are brown to dark gray, loamy and clayey, neutral to calcareous, and alluvial.

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scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery
Chilopsis linearisDesert willow
Flowering willow
Willow-leaved catalpa
Willowleaf catalpa
Bow willow
Flor de mimbre
Mimbre
Chloris virgataFeather fingergrass
Showy chloris
Cirsium texanumTexas thistle
Clematis drummondiiOld man's beard
Drummond's clematis
Texas virgin's bower
Goat's beard
Clematis pitcheriPurple Leatherflower
Purple Clematis
Leatherflower
Bluebill
Bellflower Clematis
Pitcher's Clematis
Corydalis aureaScrambled eggs
Golden corydalis
Cocculus carolinusCarolina snailseed
Carolina coralbead
Carolina moonseed
Red berried moonseed
Carolina red berried moonseed
Corydalis curvisiliquaCurvepod
Curvepod fumewort
Golden Smoke
Scrambled Eggs
Cornus drummondiiRoughleaf dogwood
Drummond's dogwood
Rough-leaf dogwood
Cooperia drummondiiEvening rain lily
Evening star rain lily
Cornus floridaFlowering dogwood
Virginia dogwood
Florida dogwood
White cornel
Arrowwood
American boxwood
False box
St. Peter's crown
Corona de san pedro
Condalia hookeriBluewood condalia
Brasil
Brasilwood
Bluewood
Logwood
Purple haw
Capul negro
Coreopsis lanceolataLanceleaf coreopsis
Lance-leaved coreopsis
Lanceleaf tickseed
Sand coreopsis
Cooperia pedunculataHill Country rain lily
Prairie lily
Rain lily
Flor de mayo
Colubrina texensisTexas hog plum
Texas snakewood
Texas colubrina
Hog plum
Coreopsis tinctoriaPlains coreopsis
Golden tickseed
Goldenwave
Coreopsis
Calliopsis
Croton alabamensis var. texensisTexabama croton
Texas Alabama croton
Crataegus crus-galliCockspur hawthorn
Cockspur thorn
Newcastle hawthorn
Newcastle thorn
Hog apple
Crataegus reverchoniiReverchon's hawthorn
Reverchon hawthorn
Crataegus viridisGreen hawthorn
Southern hawthorn
Dalea frutescensBlack dalea
Black prairie clover
Datura wrightiiJimsonweed
Sacred Thorn Apple
Thorn apple
Angel Trumpet
Sacred datura
Delphinium carolinianum ssp. vimineumCarolina larkspur
Prairie larkspur
Desmanthus illinoensisIllinois bundleflower
Bundleflower
Prairie bundle flower
Prickleweed
Illinois Desmanthus
Prairie mimosa
Digitaria californicaArizona cottontop
California cottontop
California crab grass
Cottontop
Diospyros texanaTexas persimmon
Mexican persimmon
Black persimmon
Chapote
Chapote prieto
Diospyros virginianaCommon persimmon
Eastern persimmon
Possumwood
Date plum
Winter plum
Jove's fruit
Dracopis amplexicaulisClasping coneflower
Clasping-leaf coneflower
Echinacea angustifoliaBlack Samson
Black Samson echinacea
Narrow-leaf coneflower
Elymus canadensisCanada wild rye
Canadian wildrye
Prairie wildrye
Nodding wildrye
Ephedra antisyphiliticaMormon tea
Joint-fir
Clapweed
Popote
Eriogonum annuumAnnual buckwheat
Wild Buckwheat
Eragrostis intermediaPlains lovegrass
Eryngium leavenworthiiLeavenworth's eryngo
Eryngo
False purple thistle
Eriogonum multiflorumWild buckwheat
Heartsepal buckwheat
Heart-sepal wild buckwheat
Erioneuron pilosumHairy Woollygrass
Hairy Tridens
Eriochloa sericeaTexas cupgrass
Eragrostis spectabilisPurple lovegrass
Purple love grass
Purple plains lovegrass
Tumblegrass
Petticoat climber
Eryngium yuccifoliumRattlesnake master
Button eryngo
Button snakeroot
Beargrass
Bear's grass
Euphorbia cyathophoraWild Poinsettia
Poinsettia
Fire on the Mountain
Euphorbia marginataSnow on the mountain
Snow-on-the-mountain
Eupatorium serotinumLateflowering thoroughwort
White boneset
Late boneset
Late-flowering boneset
Eysenhardtia texanaTexas kidneywood
Kidneywood
Bee-Brush
Vara dulce
Forestiera pubescens var. pubescensStretchberry
Elbowbush
Stretch-berry
Downy forestiera
Desert olive
Elbow-bush
Fraxinus albicansTexas Ash
Mountain ash
Fraxinus americanaWhite ash
American ash
Cane ash
Smallseed white ash
Biltmore white ash
Biltmore ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanicaGreen ash
Red ash
Swamp ash
River ash
Water ash
Darlington ash
Funastrum cynanchoidesFringed twinevine
Climbing milkweed vine
Twine-vine
Gaillardia pulchellaIndian Blanket
Firewheel
Girasol rojo
Gaillardia suavisPincushion daisy
Fragrant gaillardia
Rayless gaillardia
Perfumeballs
scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery

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