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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Fraxinus albicans Buckley
Synonym(s): Fraxinus americana ssp. texensis, Fraxinus americana var. texensis, Fraxinus texensis
USDA Symbol: FRAL3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Texas ash is a small tree, 30-45 ft. tall, of limestone hills and canyons with an attractive, densely branched canopy. Pinnate leaves have brilliant fall color. Leaflets usually 5, rounded, not as elongate as in Red Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica). Wings usually not extending beyond the middle of the seed. (See Red Ash for comparison.)
Confined to Texas, except for a northern extension into the Arbuckle Mountains of Oklahoma. This southwestern relative of White Ash (Fraxinus americana) has fewer and smaller leaflets and smaller fruit and is adapted to a warmer, less humid climate; some consider it a variety of that species. Name changed from Fraxinus texensis to correct an issue of nomenclatural priority.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Pinnate Size Notes:
in optimal conditions may reach 30-45 feet in height. Autumn Foliage:
Samara. Size Class:
12-36 ft. , 36-72 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Not Applicable
, TX Native Distribution:
C. & n.c. TX Native Habitat:
Canyon bluffs; rocky slopes in open woods; along lakes.
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry Soil Description:
Rocky soils; often of . Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Caliche type. Conditions Comments:
Texas ash is a small tree
with an attractive, densely branched canopy. Pinnate
leaves have brilliant fall color. Long-lived and healthy. Very drought-tolerant. Low water requirements.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Fall conspicuous, Blooms ornamental, Attractive, Long-living, Fruits ornamental.
Use Wildlife: Substrate-insectivorous birds, Cover, Nesting site, Browse, Fruit-birds.
Interesting Foliage: yes
Larval Host: Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Deer Resistant: No
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Seed sown in fall.Seeds may be sown outdoors after collection or stored and stratified then sown in spring.
Seed Treatment: Stratify in moist sand or perlite for 30-60 days at 41 degrees F.
Maintenance: Monitor for aphids, Remove dead growth, Prevent complete soil dryness, Fertilize 3 times a year with lawn fertilizer 3:1:2 ratio.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Record Last Modified: 2013-06-17
Research By: JAM