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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Colubrina texensis (Torr. & Gray) Gray
Hog-plum, Texan hogplum, Texas colubrina, Texas snakewood
USDA Symbol: COTE6
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Small, thicket-forming shrub with a rounded crown and a snakeskin-like pattern on the bark. Hog-plum is a thicket-forming, rounded shrub rarely over 3-6 ft. Its smooth, gray wood has scaly, brown markings which resemble patterns on snake skin. Slender, twisting branches; small, grayish-green, glossy leaves; and inconspicuous, greenish-yellow flowers are other plant characteristics.
The fruit is eaten by birds and other wildlife, and the plant also provides an important habitat for them.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
TX Native Distribution:
C. TX, s. to Mex. Native Habitat:
Arid, brushy areas USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Well-drained soils. Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Caliche type.
Conditions Comments: Colubrina texensis is disease resistant and grows in poor, dry soils.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Colubrina texensis
is disease resistant and grows in poor, dry soils. The branches have an interesting zizzag structure. The shrub
can be useful as a dense, compact hedge plant in poor locations if encouraged by selective pruning. Use Wildlife:
is eaten by deer, javelina, and various birds and other wildlife, and the plant also provides an important habitat for them. Cover, Nesting site, Nectar-insects, fruit-eating birds, fruit-eating mammals. Attracts:
Seed sown directly outdoors in the fall following collection; stratified seed; semi-hardwood tip cuttings Seed Collection:
as it truns black-brown but before it splits apart. If the pulp is still fleshy, it should be removed or allowed to dry on the seed. Fruit
collected later in the season is usually dry enough to store intact with the seed. Cold dry storage for one season. Seed Treatment:
Stratification at 41 degrees for 30-40 days Commercially Avail:
Naturally lanky and sparsely-branched, it can be pruned to a nicely-shaped shrub.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0843
Collected Mar 30, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry CliffeNPSOT 0740
Collected Apr 2, 1994 in Bexar County by Mike FoxNPSOT 0302
Collected Apr 26, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-CW-4
Collected 2009-07-31 in Mason County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: NPC