Cross Timbers and Prairies

The Cross Timbers and Prairies area in North Central Texas includes the Cross Timbers, Grand Prairie, and North Central Prairies land resource areas. This area represents the southern extension of the Central Lowlands and the western extreme of the Coastal Plains. The wide variances in geologic formations bring about sharp contrasts in topography, soils, and vegetation. Upland soils of both the East and West Cross Timbers are light, slightly acid loamy sands and sandy loams with yellowish brown to red clayey subsoils. Bottomland soils have small, dark, neutral to calcareous clayey areas, and loamy alluvial soils occur along the minor streams. Upland soils are dark, deep to shallow, and stony calcareous clays with subsoils of lighter, limy earths and limestone fragments. Bottomland soils are reddish brown, loamy to clayey calcareous alluvial. The North Central Prairies are interspersed with rapidly drained sandstone and shaley ridges and hills occupied by scrub live oak, juniper, and mesquite. Uplands are brown, sandy loam to silt loam, slightly acid soils over red to gray, neutral to alkaline clayey subsoils. Bottomland soils are brown to dark gray, loamy and clayey, neutral to calcareous, and alluvial.

Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abronia fragrans Fragrant verbena, Sand verbena, Snowball, Snowball sand verbena, Sweet sand-verbena Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Abutilon fruticosum Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Acacia farnesiana Huisache, Sweet acacia, Mealy wattle Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Acacia greggii Catclaw acacia, Gregg acacia, Long-flower catclaw, Una de gato Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Acacia greggii var. wrightii Catclaw acacia, Catclaw, Wright acacia Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Acer negundo Ash-leaf maple, Ash-leaved maple, Box elder, Boxelder, Fresno de guajuco Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Aesculus glabra var. arguta Ohio buckeye, White buckeye, Texas buckeye Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet, Moist
Aesculus pavia var. pavia Scarlet buckeye, Red buckeye, Southern buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist, Dry
Allium canadense var. canadense Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium canadense var. mobilense Meadow garlic, Wild onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium coryi Yellow-flowered onion, Yellowflower onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium drummondii Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Alophia drummondii Propeller flower, Purple pleat-leaf, Pinewoods lily, Prairie iris, Pleatleaf iris Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Aloysia gratissima Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Amblyolepis setigera Huisache daisy, Butterfly daisy, Honey daisy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Amorpha canescens Leadplant, Leadplant amorpha, Prairie shoestring Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ampelopsis arborea Peppervine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ampelopsis cordata Heartleaf peppervine, Heart-leaf ampelopsis Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Amsonia illustris Ozark bluestar, Showy blue-star, Missouri blue star, Swamp bluestar Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Andropogon ternarius Splitbeard bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Andropogon virginicus Broomsedge bluestem, Broom-sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Aphanostephus skirrhobasis Lazy daisy, Arkansas lazy daisy, Arkansas dozedaisy Annual Herb Sun Dry
Baccharis neglecta False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Bothriochloa barbinodis Cane bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua dactyloides Buffalograss, Buffalo grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua gracilis Blue grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua hirsuta Hairy grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Bouteloua hirsuta var. pectinata Hairy grama, Tall grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like
Bouteloua rigidiseta Texas grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Callirhoe digitata Finger poppy-mallow, Poppy mallow, Standing winecup, Wine cup, Winecup Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud day-primrose Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Calylophus hartwegii Hartweg's sundrops, Western Primrose Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Camassia scilloides Atlantic camas, Wild hyacinth Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Dry
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Carex planostachys Cedar sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Carya illinoinensis Pecan Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Carya texana Black hickory Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Castilleja indivisa Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush Annual Herb Sun Dry
Castilleja purpurea Prairie paintbrush, Downy Indian paintbrush, Purple paintbrush, Lemon paintbrush, Purple painted cup Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea, Redroot Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Celtis laevigata Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Celtis laevigata var. reticulata Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche Perennial Tree Part-shade
Centaurea americana American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Centaurium beyrichii Mountain pink, Meadow pink, Catchfly, Quinineweed Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cercis canadensis var. texensis Texas redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Chilopsis linearis Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Trumpet flower Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Chloris cucullata Hooded windmill grass, Hooded windmillgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Chloris virgata Feather fingergrass, Showy chloris Annual Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Cirsium texanum Texas thistle Biennial Herb Sun Dry
Clematis drummondii Old-man's-beard, Drummond's Clematis, Texas Virgin's Bower, Goat's-Beard Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Clematis pitcheri Purple clematis, Purple leatherflower, Leatherflower, Bluebill Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cocculus carolinus Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Colubrina texensis Hog-plum, Texan hogplum, Texas colubrina, Texas snakewood Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Condalia hookeri Bluewood condalia, Brasil, Brazilwood, Brazilian bluewood Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Dry
Cooperia drummondii Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cooperia pedunculata Prairie lily, Rain lily, Hill Country rain lily Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cornus drummondii Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cornus florida Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Corydalis aurea Scrambled eggs, Golden corydalis Annual Herb Dry
Corydalis curvisiliqua Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Crataegus crus-galli Cockspur hawthorn, Cockspur thorn, Newcastle hawthorn, Newcastle thorn Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Crataegus reverchonii Reverchon hawthorn, Reverchon's hawthorn Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Crataegus viridis Green hawthorn, Southern thorn Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Croton alabamensis var. texensis Texabama croton, Texas Alabama croton Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Dalea frutescens Black dalea, Black prairie clover Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Datura wrightii Sacred thorn-apple, Jimsonweed, Thorn apple, Datura, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Delphinium carolinianum ssp. vimineum Carolina larkspur, Prairie larkspur Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Digitaria californica Arizona cottontop, California cottontop, California crab grass, Cottontop Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Diospyros texana Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Diospyros virginiana Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Dracopis amplexicaulis Clasping coneflower, Clasping-leaf coneflower Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Echinacea angustifolia Black Samson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ephedra antisyphilitica Mormon tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Eragrostis intermedia Plains lovegrass, Plains Lovegrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Eragrostis spectabilis Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Eriochloa sericea Texas cupgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Eriogonum annuum Annual buckwheat, Wild Buckwheat Annual Herb Sun Dry
Eriogonum multiflorum Wild buckwheat, Heartsepal buckwheat, Heart-sepal wild buckwheat Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Erioneuron pilosum Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Eryngium leavenworthii Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo, False purple thistle Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Eryngium yuccifolium Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Rattlesnake master, Beargrass, Bear's grass Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Eupatorium serotinum Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Euphorbia cyathophora Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire on the Mountain Annual Herb Sun Moist
Euphorbia marginata Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Eysenhardtia texana Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Forestiera pubescens var. pubescens Stretchberry, Elbowbush, Stretch-berry, Downy forestiera, Desert olive, Elbow-bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus albicans Texas Ash Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus americana White ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Funastrum cynanchoides Fringed twinevine, Climbing milkweed vine, Twine-vine Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Gaillardia pulchella Firewheel, Indian Blanket Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Gaillardia suavis Perfumeballs, Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Geum canadense White avens Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Glandularia canadensis Rose vervain, Sweet william, Rose mock vervain Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey locust, Common Honey-locust, Honey-locust, Thornless common honey-locust, Honey shucks, Sweet-locust Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Hamamelis virginiana Witch hazel, American witch hazel Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Helenium amarum Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Heliotropium curassavicum Salt heliotrope, Seaside heliotrope, Quail plant, Cola de mico, Cola de gama Annual Herb Sun Dry
Heliotropium tenellum Pasture heliotrope, White heliotrope Annual Herb Sun Dry
Hesperaloe parviflora Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Samandoque, Yellow yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Hibiscus laevis Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri Curly-mesquite Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Hymenopappus artemisiifolius Old plainsman, Oldplainsman, Woolly-white Biennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Ibervillea lindheimeri Lindheimer's globeberry, Balsam gourd, Globe berry, Snake apple Perennial Vine Sun Moist
Ilex decidua Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ipomopsis rubra Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Juglans nigra Black walnut, Eastern black walnut Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Juniperus ashei Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper, Mountain cedar, Blueberry juniper Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Justicia americana American water-willow, Water-willow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Karwinskia humboldtiana Coyotillo, Humboldt coyotillo Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Liatris elegans Pink-scale blazing star, Pink-scale gayfeather, Pink-scale liatris Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Liatris mucronata Cusp gayfeather, Cusp blazing star, Cusp liatris, Narrow-leaf gayfeather, Narrow-leaf blazing star, Narrow-leaf liatris, Texas gayfeather, Texas blazing star, Texas liatris Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Lindheimera texana Texas yellowstar, Texas star, Lindheimer daisy, Texas yellow star Annual Herb Sun Dry
Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri Berlandier's yellow flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem flax Annual Herb Sun Dry
Linum hudsonioides Hudson Flax, Texas flax, Yellow Flax Annual Herb Sun Dry
Lithospermum incisum Narrowleaf stoneseed, Puccoon, Fringed puccoon, Narrowleaf gromwell, Fringed gromwell, Narrow-leaved puccoon Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lonicera albiflora Western white honeysuckle, Texas honeysuckle, White honeysuckle, White shrub honeysuckle, White limestone honeysuckle Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Lonicera sempervirens Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Lupinus subcarnosus Sandyland bluebonnet, Texas bluebonnet Annual Herb Sun
Lupinus texensis Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Marshallia caespitosa Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Marsilea vestita Hairy water clover, Water clover Perennial Herb, Fern Part-shade Wet
Maurandella antirrhiniflora Snapdragon Vine, Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Melampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Melica nitens Three-flower melic, Tall melicgrass, Threeflower melicgrass, Melicgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist, Dry
Mimosa borealis Fragrant mimosa, Pink Mimosa Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Monarda punctata Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint Annual Herb Sun Dry
Morus microphylla Littleleaf mulberry, Mountain mulberry, Texas mulberry Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Morus rubra Red mulberry, Moral Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Muhlenbergia lindheimeri Lindheimer's muhly, Lindheimer muhly, Big muhly, Blue muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Muhlenbergia reverchonii Seep muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Nemastylis geminiflora Prairie celestials, Celestials, Prairie pleatleaf Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Nemophila phacelioides Baby blue-eyes, Flannel breeches, Large-flower baby-blue-eyes, Largeflower baby blue eyes, Texas baby blue eyes Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Nolina texana Texas sacahuista, Texas beargrass, Basket grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Nuphar lutea Yellow pond-lily, Cow lily, Spatter dock, Yellow cow lily Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Nuphar lutea ssp. advena Common spatterdock, Yellow cow lily, Yellow pond lily, Spatterdock Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Nuttallanthus texanus Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax Annual Herb Sun Moist
Oenothera macrocarpa Bigfruit evening-primrose, Missouri evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Oenothera rhombipetala Diamond petal primrose, Four-Point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint evening-primrose, Greater four-point evening-primrose Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive fern, Bead fern, Sympathy fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii Cactus apple, Prickly pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Opuntia macrorhiza Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Oxalis stricta Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Palafoxia callosa Small palafox, Small palafoxia Annual Herb Sun Dry
Palafoxia rosea Rosy palafox, Rose palafoxia Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Palafoxia sphacelata Othake, Sand palafoxia Annual Herb Dry
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Parkinsonia aculeata Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Palo Verde, Jerusalem thorn, Lluvia de Oro Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Paspalum floridanum Florida paspalum Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Paspalum plicatulum Brownseed paspalum, Brownseed paspale Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Passiflora incarnata Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Passiflora lutea Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Penstemon cobaea Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue, Wild foxglove Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon fendleri Fendler's penstemon, Fendler's beardtongue, Fendler penstemon, Fendler beardtongue, Purple foxglove Perennial Herb Sun
Penstemon guadalupensis Guadalupe penstemon, Guadalupe beardtongue, White penstemon, White beardtongue Perennial Herb Part-shade
Penstemon triflorus Hill Country penstemon, Hill Country beardtongue, Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Heller's penstemon, Heller's beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Phacelia congesta Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck Annual, Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phlox drummondii Annual phlox, Phlox, Drummond phlox Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phlox drummondii ssp. mcallisteri McAllister's phlox, Drummond phlox Annual Herb
Phlox pilosa ssp. pilosa Downy phlox, Fragrant phlox, Prairie Phlox Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Phlox roemeriana Goldeneye phlox, Golden-eye Phlox Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Physostegia angustifolia False Dragon-head, Narrowleaf false dragonhead Perennial Herb
Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa Fall obedient plant, False dragonhead, Lionheart, Obedient plant Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Poa arachnifera Texas bluegrass, Texas blue grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Polygala alba White milkwort Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Populus deltoides Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera Plains cottonwood, Great Plains cottonwood Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Proboscidea louisianica Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's horn, Unicorn plant, Proboscis flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Prosopis glandulosa Honey mesquite Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Prunus angustifolia Chickasaw plum, Sandhill plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Prunus gracilis Oklahoma plum Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Prunus mexicana Mexican plum, Bigtree plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus munsoniana Munson plum, Wild goose plum Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Prunus rivularis Creek plum, Hog plum, River plum Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ptelea trifoliata Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Pteridium aquilinum var. pseudocaudatum Bracken fern, Bracken, Western bracken fern, Western bracken Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Dry
Quercus fusiformis Escarpment live oak, Plateau live oak, Texas live oak, Scrub live oak, Hill country live oak, Plateau oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus marilandica Blackjack oak, Barren oak, Black oak, Jack oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus sinuata var. breviloba White shin oak, Bigelow oak, Scaly-bark oak, Limestone Durand oak, Shortlobe oak, Bastard oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus stellata Post oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus texana Nuttall Oak, Texas red oak, Texas oak, Spanish oak, Rock oak Perennial Tree Part-shade
Ranunculus macranthus Large buttercup Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Ratibida columnifera Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Rhus aromatica Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rhus lanceolata Prairie flameleaf sumac, Flame-leaf sumac, Prairie sumac, Lance-leaf sumac Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Rhus microphylla Littleleaf sumac, Desert sumac, Correosa, Agritos Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Rivina humilis Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Rubus trivialis Dewberry, Southern dewberry Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ruellia humilis Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Ruellia nudiflora Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sabatia campestris Texas star, Rose gentian, Meadow pink, Prairie rose-gentian, Prairie sabatia Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Sagittaria latifolia Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet
Sagittaria platyphylla Delta arrowhead Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Salvia azurea Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Salvia engelmannii Engelmann's sage, Engelmann's salvia Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia farinacea Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Salvia greggii Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia roemeriana Cedar sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Salvia texana Texas sage, Blue sage Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Sassafras albidum Sassafras Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Scutellaria resinosa Resin-dot skullcap, Resinous skullcap, Shrubby skullcap, Sticky skullcap Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Setaria parviflora Marsh bristlegrass, Knotroot bristlegrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Silphium albiflorum White rosinweed, White-flowered rosinweed, Compass Plant Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Sisyrinchium langloisii Roadside blue-eyed grass, Dotted blue-eyed grass, Southern blue-eyed grass Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Sisyrinchium sagittiferum Blue-eyed grass, Spearbract blue-eyed grass Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Solanum elaeagnifolium Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Solidago altissima Tall Goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Canada goldenrod Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sophora secundiflora Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sphaeralcea angustifolia Copper globemallow, Copper-mallow, Globe mallow Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Sporobolus compositus var. compositus Composite dropseed, Tall dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Sporobolus cryptandrus Sand dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Styphnolobium affine Eve's necklace, Eve's necklacepod, Texas sophora Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Symphyotrichum subulatum Baby's breath aster, Annual Aster, Eastern annual saltmarsh aster, Blackland aster, Hierba del Marrano Annual Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Tetraneuris scaposa Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Thelesperma filifolium var. filifolium Stiff greenthread, Showy Navajo tea, Greenthread Annual Herb Sun Dry
Tradescantia gigantea Giant spiderwort Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Tradescantia occidentalis Prairie spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Tradescantia ohiensis Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Tridens albescens White tridens, White Top Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Tridens flavus Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Tridens muticus var. elongatus Slim tridens Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Triodanis perfoliata Clasping Venus' looking-glass Annual Herb Shade Dry
Triplasis purpurea Purple sandgrass, Purple triplasis Annual Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Tripsacum dactyloides Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Ulmus alata Winged elm, Wahoo Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Ulmus americana American elm, White elm Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ulmus crassifolia Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Ungnadia speciosa Mexican buckeye Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Verbena halei Texas vervain, Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Slender vervain Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Verbesina virginica Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed Biennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Vernonia lindheimeri Woolly ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Viguiera dentata Sunflower goldeneye, Plateau goldeneye, Toothleaf goldeneye, Goldeneye, Chimalacate Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Vitis cinerea var. helleri Winter grape, Heller's grape, Gray-leaf grape, Smooth-leaf grape, Sweet grape, Spanish grape Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Vitis mustangensis Mustang grape Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Woodwardia virginica Virginia chainfern, Virginia chain fern Perennial Herb, Fern Part-shade Wet, Moist
Xanthisma texanum ssp. drummondii Drummond's sleepydaisy, Sleepy-Daisy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Yucca arkansana Arkansas yucca, Softleaf yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Part-shade Dry
Yucca constricta Buckley yucca, Buckley's yucca Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Yucca glauca var. glauca Narrow-leaf yucca, Soapweed yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Part-shade Dry
Yucca treculeana Spanish Dagger, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita Perennial Cactus/Succulent Part-shade Dry
Zanthoxylum clava-herculis Hercules' club Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Ziziphus obtusifolia Lotebush, Lote-bush condalia Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry