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 More than 100

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Special Collections

Cross Timbers and Prairies

The Cross Timbers and Prairies area in North Central Texas includes the Cross Timbers, Grand Prairie, and North Central Prairies land resource areas. This area represents the southern extension of the Central Lowlands and the western extreme of the Coastal Plains. The wide variances in geologic formations bring about sharp contrasts in topography, soils, and vegetation. Upland soils of both the East and West Cross Timbers are light, slightly acid loamy sands and sandy loams with yellowish brown to red clayey subsoils. Bottomland soils have small, dark, neutral to calcareous clayey areas, and loamy alluvial soils occur along the minor streams. Upland soils are dark, deep to shallow, and stony calcareous clays with subsoils of lighter, limy earths and limestone fragments. Bottomland soils are reddish brown, loamy to clayey calcareous alluvial. The North Central Prairies are interspersed with rapidly drained sandstone and shaley ridges and hills occupied by scrub live oak, juniper, and mesquite. Uplands are brown, sandy loam to silt loam, slightly acid soils over red to gray, neutral to alkaline clayey subsoils. Bottomland soils are brown to dark gray, loamy and clayey, neutral to calcareous, and alluvial.

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scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery
Fraxinus pennsylvanicaGreen ash
Red ash
Funastrum cynanchoidesFringed twinevine
Climbing milkweed vine
Twine-vine
Gaillardia pulchellaFirewheel
Indian Blanket
Gaillardia suavisPerfumeballs
Pincushion daisy
Fragrant gaillardia
Rayless gaillardia
Geum canadenseWhite avens
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifidaPrairie verbena
Purple prairie verbena
Dakota mock vervain
Dakota vervain
Glandularia canadensisRose vervain
Sweet william
Rose mock vervain
Gleditsia triacanthosHoney locust
Common Honey-locust
Honey-locust
Thornless common honey-locust
Honey shucks
Sweet-locust
Hamamelis virginianaWitch hazel
American witch hazel
Helenium amarumYellow Sneezeweed
Bitterweed
Yellow bitterweed
Yellowdicks
Slender-leaved sneezeweed
Fine-leaved sneezweed
Yellow dog-fennel
Heliotropium curassavicumSalt heliotrope
Seaside heliotrope
Quail plant
Cola de mico
Cola de gama
Helianthus maximilianiMaximilian sunflower
Max sunflower
Hesperaloe parvifloraRed yucca
Coral yucca
Red flowered false yucca
Redflower false yucca
Samandoque
Yellow yucca
Heliotropium tenellumPasture heliotrope
White heliotrope
Hilaria belangeri var. belangeriCurly-mesquite
Hibiscus laevisHalberdleaf rosemallow
Halberdleaf hibiscus
Scarlet rose mallow
Halberd-leaved hibiscus
Halberd-leaved rose-mallow
Hymenopappus artemisiifoliusOld plainsman
Oldplainsman
Woolly-white
Ibervillea lindheimeriLindheimer's globeberry
Balsam gourd
Globe berry
Snake apple
Ilex deciduaPossumhaw
Possumhaw Holly
Deciduous Holly
Winterberry
Deciduous yaupon
Ipomopsis rubraStanding cypress
Texas plume
Red Texas star
Red gilia
Justicia americanaAmerican water-willow
Water-willow
Juniperus asheiAshe juniper
Ashe's juniper
Mountain cedar
Blueberry juniper
Juglans nigraBlack walnut
Eastern black walnut
Karwinskia humboldtianaCoyotillo
Humboldt coyotillo
Linum berlandieri var. berlandieriBerlandier's yellow flax
Yellow Flax
Stiff-stem flax
Liatris elegansPink-scale blazing star
Pink-scale gayfeather
Pink-scale liatris
Linum hudsonioidesHudson Flax
Texas flax
Yellow Flax
Lithospermum incisumNarrowleaf stoneseed
Puccoon
Fringed puccoon
Narrowleaf gromwell
Fringed gromwell
Narrow-leaved puccoon
Liatris mucronataCusp gayfeather
Cusp blazing star
Cusp liatris
Narrow-leaf gayfeather
Narrow-leaf blazing star
Narrow-leaf liatris
Texas gayfeather
Texas blazing star
Texas liatris
Lindheimera texanaTexas yellowstar
Texas star
Lindheimer daisy
Texas yellow star
Lonicera albifloraWestern white honeysuckle
Texas honeysuckle
White honeysuckle
White shrub honeysuckle
White limestone honeysuckle
Lobelia cardinalisCardinal flower
Lonicera sempervirensCoral honeysuckle
Trumpet honeysuckle
Woodbine
Lupinus subcarnosusSandyland bluebonnet
Texas bluebonnet
Lupinus texensisTexas bluebonnet
Bluebonnet
Texas lupine
Buffalo clover
Wolf-flower
Maurandella antirrhinifloraSnapdragon Vine
Roving sailor
Climbing snapdragon
Little snapdragon vine
Marshallia caespitosaBarbara's-buttons
Puffballs
White Barbara's-buttons
Marsilea vestitaHairy water clover
Water clover
Melampodium leucanthumBlackfoot Daisy
Rock daisy
Plains blackfoot
Melica nitensThree-flower melic
Tall melicgrass
Threeflower melicgrass
Melicgrass
Mimosa borealisFragrant mimosa
Pink Mimosa
Monarda citriodoraLemon beebalm
Purple horsemint
Lemon mint
Plains horsemint
Lemon horsemint
Horsemint
Purple lemon mint
Morus microphyllaLittleleaf mulberry
Mountain mulberry
Texas mulberry
Monarda punctataSpotted beebalm
Spotted horsemint
Horsemint
Morus rubraRed mulberry
Moral
Muhlenbergia lindheimeriLindheimer's muhly
Lindheimer muhly
Big muhly
Blue muhly
Muhlenbergia reverchoniiSeep muhly
Nemastylis geminifloraPrairie celestials
Celestials
Prairie pleatleaf
Nemophila phacelioidesBaby blue-eyes
Flannel breeches
Large-flower baby-blue-eyes
Largeflower baby blue eyes
Texas baby blue eyes
Nolina texanaTexas sacahuista
Texas beargrass
Basket grass
Sacahuista
Bunchgrass
scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery

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