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Eysenhardtia texana Scheele
Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce
Synonyms: Eysenhardtia angustifolia
USDA Symbol: EYTE
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Texas kidneywood is an unarmed, much-branched shrub, 3-10 ft. tall, with an open, airy structure. A many-branched shrub with an open crown and gland-dotted, aromatic, resinous leaves and flowers. Its 3-4 in. spikes of white flowers are fragrant, as are the deciduous, finely divided leaves. Leaves up to 3 1/2 inches long, consisting of a central axis and as many as 40 small leaflets, each about 1/4 inch long, pungent when crushed. Flowers white, small, with a delicate fragrance, arranged in spikes up to 4 1/2 inches long at the ends of branchlets, appearing intermittently from May to October. Fruit a pod about 3/8 inch long, often with a threadlike tip. Seed pods are somewhat persistent.
This tree and its relative, the more westerly E. orthocarpa, were once used in remedies for kidney and bladder ailments, hence the name.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Size Notes:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
TX Native Distribution:
S. TX, n. to Bell, San Saba, Crockett & Brewster Cos. & s. to Mex. Native Habitat:
Frequent in brushy vegetation in Rio Grande Plains, Central and West Texas. Well-drained sand, loam, clay, caliche, limestone. Dry, brushy hills & canyons USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Sun Soil Moisture:
Dry Cold Tolerant:
Dry, rocky, calcareous soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Limestone-based, Caliche type Conditions Comments:
Kidneywood foliage has a pungent, citrusy smell. Bees flock to the ambrosial flowers, which bloom at intervals through the warm months. The Dogface butterfly also eats kidneywood as larval food. Can create a small tree
with proper pruning. May temporarily lose leaves during a dry spell. Drought-tolerant.
Aromatic, Accent tree
Blooms ornamental, Fast growing, Showy Use Wildlife:
Flowers attract bees and butterflies Use Food:
It is very palatable and is readily grazed by white-tailed deer and goats. Use Other:
The wood has been used for dyes and is fluorescent in water. Conspicuous Flowers:
Butterflies Larval Host:
Dogface butterfly Nectar Source:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Fresh seed; softwood or semi-hardwood cuttings in early fall
Seed Treatment: Seed in dry years may not be viable, so collect seed in wet years.
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Native plants for butterfly garden in Waco, TX
February 03, 2008
Few weeks ago I sent you a letter but never got an answer back.
I would like to have your suggestions of native plants for a butterfly garden (30'x 30') here in Waco. The plants must be (1)drought ...
view the full question and answer
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Hill Country Natives
- Leander, TX
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
- Austin, TXTexas Discovery Gardens
- Dallas, TXSibley Nature Center
- Midland, TXBrackenridge Field Laboratory
- Austin, TXPatsy Glenn Refuge
- Wimberley, TXNative Plant Society of Texas
- Fredericksburg, TXNueces River Authority
- Uvalde, TXTexas Parks and Wildlife Department
- Austin, TXNPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter
- Fredericksburg, TXTexas Master Naturalists - Lost Pines Chapter
- Bastrop, TXNPSOT - Austin Chapter
- Austin, TXNational Butterfly Center
- Mission, TXJacob's Well Natural Area
- Wimberley, TXNPSOT - Williamson County Chapter
- Georgetown, TX, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0241
Collected June 13, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-49
Collected 2006-12-06 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2010-12-27
Research By: TWC Staff, TMH