En EspaŅol

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?

Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
 
rate this answer
3 ratings

Thursday - January 19, 2012

From: Austin, TX
Region: Southwest
Topic: Deer Resistant
Title: Central Texas plants highly deer resistant from Austin
Answered by: Barbara Medford

QUESTION:

I'm helping a friend who has a severe deer problem in Westlake. The Deer Resistant list includes over 300 species, but they are classified as "mild" or "moderate" or "high" Deer Resistance. Is there anyway to get a list sorted that only has the High Deer Resistant plants? Thanks,

ANSWER:

You are correct, the plants that mention any resistance to deer at all will even include those with "minimal resistance," on our Deer Resistant List. Please read again this paragraph from the list of Deer Resistant Plants:

"Few plants are completely deer resistant. Several factors influence deer browsing including the density of the deer population, environmental conditions such as drought, and plant palatability. Deer tend to avoid plants with aromatic foliage, tough leathery and/or hairy or prickly leaves or plants with milky latex or sap. Try using some of the plants listed here to minimize deer damage to your landscape."

What they are saying is that if chidren are hungry enough, they will eat vegetables, and if deer are hungry enough they will eat your shoelaces if you don't keep moving. We have noted that various prairie grasses tend not to be browsed as much as blooming plants. Also, many of the members of the Asclepias, milkweed, genus have the milky latex that deer do not like. Here is a list of 47 plants that are qualified as "Highly Resistant" and native to Central Texas. Follow each plant link to our webpage on this plant to learn when it blooms, what soil it needs, water, etc.

Amorpha fruticosa (Indigo bush)

Andropogon gerardii (Big bluestem)

Andropogon glomeratus (Bushy bluestem)

Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii (Flame acanthus)

Asclepias incarnata (Swamp milkweed)

Asclepias tuberosa (Butterflyweed)

Asclepias viridis (Green antelopehorn)

Bauhinia lunarioides (Anacacho orchid tree)

Bouteloua curtipendula (Sideoats grama)

Chrysactinia mexicana (Damianita)

Dasylirion texanum (Texas sotol)

Eryngium leavenworthii (Leavenworth's eryngo)

Hesperaloe parviflora (Red yucca)

Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri (Curly-mesquite)

Lantana urticoides (Texas lantana)

Leucophyllum frutescens (Cenizo)

Mahonia swaseyi (Texas barberry)

Mahonia trifoliolata (Agarita)

Melampodium leucanthum (Blackfoot daisy)

Mimosa borealis (Fragrant mimosa)

Monarda citriodora (Lemon beebalm)

Monarda fistulosa (Wild bergamot)

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri (Lindheimer's muhly)

Muhlenbergia reverchonii (Seep muhly)

Nolina texana (Texas sacahuista)

Oenothera speciosa (Pink evening primrose)

Panicum virgatum (Switchgrass)

Passiflora lutea (Yellow passion vine)

Phacelia congesta (Blue curls)

Pistacia mexicana (Mexican pistachio)

Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)

Ratibida columnifera (Mexican hat)

Rhus aromatica (Fragrant sumac)

Rudbeckia hirta (Black-eyed susan)

Salvia coccinea (Scarlet sage)

Salvia engelmannii (Engelmann's sage)

Salvia farinacea (Mealy blue sage)

Salvia greggii (Autumn sage)

Salvia roemeriana (Cedar sage)

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii (Western soapberry)

Schizachyrium scoparium (Little bluestem)

Senna roemeriana (Twoleaf senna)

Sophora secundiflora (Texas mountain laurel)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Ungnadia speciosa (Mexican buckeye)

Vernonia baldwinii (Baldwin's ironweed)

Vernonia lindheimeri (Woolly ironweed)

 

From the Image Gallery


Flame acanthus
Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii

Butterflyweed
Asclepias tuberosa

Damianita
Chrysactinia mexicana

Texas sotol
Dasylirion texanum

Leavenworth's eryngo
Eryngium leavenworthii

Red yucca
Hesperaloe parviflora

Cenizo
Leucophyllum frutescens

Agarita
Mahonia trifoliolata

Lindheimer's muhly
Muhlenbergia lindheimeri

Texas sacahuista
Nolina texana

Scarlet sage
Salvia coccinea

Texas mountain laurel
Sophora secundiflora

More Deer Resistant Questions

Deer-resistant plants for a steep hillside in Allison Park PA
July 30, 2010 - What do you recommend for a steep hillside, mostly shade and acidic? The deer have eaten everything except the weeds.
view the full question and answer

Deer resistant native plants for Eagle Scout project in Urbandale IA
April 27, 2013 - Mr. Smarty Plants, My son is planning his Eagle Scout Project doing some landscaping for the Iowa Primate Learning Sanctuary. The facility has asked him to use only plants native to Iowa. Can you su...
view the full question and answer

Deer-resistant plants for under cedar and oak trees in Austin
June 22, 2010 - I have about 1.5 acres in southern Travis county. It's full of mature live oaks and cedar trees, and the soil is full of limestone. I've been gathering the limestone and using them to create raise...
view the full question and answer

Deer resistant plants for a bioswale in NJ
May 06, 2011 - We live in Morris County, New Jersey, on the edge of a nature preserve, i.e., deer are a bane to everything we plant. We recently had to have a swale dug on the west end of our house to deal alleviat...
view the full question and answer

Deer resistant plants for erosion control on steep hill
June 28, 2009 - I would like control a steep hill behind my house that is red clay, northern exposure with little sun. What plants would you recommend that deer will not eat?
view the full question and answer

Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.
E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | SITEMAP | STAFF
© 2016 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center