En Español

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?

Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions

Please forgive us, but Mr. Smarty Plants has been overwhelmed by a flood of mail and must take a break for awhile to catch up. We hope to be accepting new questions again soon. Thank you!

Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.

 
rate this answer
2 ratings

Saturday - September 24, 2011

From: Houston, TX
Region: Southwest
Topic: Compost and Mulch, Deer Resistant, Groundcovers
Title: Deer-resistant groundcover for New Braunfels, TX
Answered by: Barbara Medford

QUESTION:

Could you recommend some deer resistant ground cover plants for the New Braunfels area? We have tried Ajuga and Katie's Ruellia and they have been eaten.

ANSWER:

We would like first to point out that both Ajuga reptans, common bugle, and Ruellia brittonia 'Katie' are non-native to North America, and both are capable of being invasive. Obviously, the deer don't care if ajuga is native to Africa, Europe and Asia or that Mexican petunia, ruellia is native to (surprise!) Mexico, and with the deer around, there is not much chance either of them will become invasive, just the deer.The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center is committed to the growth, propagation and protection of plants native not only to North America but to the area in which those plants grow natively.

We do have a Deer-Resistant Plants list, which can be sorted to list plants native to Texas on the list. Before you start celebrating the perfect solution to your problem, please note this paragraph which is at the beginning of that list:

"Few plants are completely deer resistant. Several factors influence deer browsing including the density of the deer population, environmental conditions such as drought, and plant palatability. Deer tend to avoid plants with aromatic foliage, tough leathery and/or hairy or prickly leaves or plants with milky latex or sap. Try using some of the plants listed here to minimize deer damage to your landscape."

This has been an unusually lean year for both plants and animals. We have been hearing tales at the Wildflower Center of deer eating prickly pear right down to the roots, of small shrubs being cleaned of leaves overnight, and even grasses, which deer tend to avoid, disappearing. The deer have multiplied in good years, as has the population of Central Texas. Now we are all sharing habitat which is short on water and therefore short on vegetation.

If you just want a groundcover, could we suggest a good quality shredded hardwood mulch? It is attractive, smells good, will shelter the roots of other plants beneath it from heat and cold, help hold moisture in the soil (when there is any) and, as it decomposes, will improve the texture of the soil and make it easier for roots to access nutrients in the soil. Actually, we have no hard information on whether or not deer will eat mulch, but at this point, whatever you plant is going to be eaten, so it's worth a try. It will have to be replaced from time to time, but you would also have to replace plants, apparently. We hate to see scarce resources, like water, money and your back muscles, expended on deer dinners, over and over.

 

 

 

More Groundcovers Questions

Plants for a steep bank in Virginia
June 23, 2009 - I have a small yard with a 3 foot steep bank that I want to plant on. I am looking for fast growing ground cover. There is some shade but not a lot and has a southern exposure. Ground is a bit roug...
view the full question and answer

Replacing Weeds with Native Plants in Dallas Area
May 29, 2011 - I have a large oak tree in my front yard and lots and lots of miscellaneous weeds (clover, chickweed, stickers, etc.). I am wanting to grow grass in my front yard, that is shaded pretty much most of t...
view the full question and answer

Ground cover under Spruces from West Chester PA
December 06, 2012 - Trying to get a native groundcover (or any grass/wildflower/fern) planting established under a small stand of spruces. Established stand (30+ years old), so lots of needles on ground. Just about tot...
view the full question and answer

Native Groundcovers for Spartanburg, SC
November 23, 2013 - I need suggestions for native groundcovers for Spartanburg, SC. The area to be covered is a fairly steep slope, with a lot of afternoon sun. In the morning, some areas remain shaded until noon whil...
view the full question and answer

Groundcover for clay soil in Southern California
August 08, 2012 - I live in Southern California and have hard packed clay soil in my yard. Could you recommend ground cover that would be green, low to the ground, require little water and survive in clay? I can't a...
view the full question and answer

Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.
E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | JOBS | SITEMAP | STAFF INTRANET
© 2016 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center