Dasylirion texanum Scheele
Texas Sotol, Sotol
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
USDA Symbol: DATE3
This short-trunked desert perennial is often mistaken for yucca. A 9-15 ft. flower stalk, bearing a 2-3 ft. spike of yellowish flowers, is subtended by a basal cluster of dark, bluish-green leaves with evenly-spaced spines and a wide, cupped base. The leaf cluster is 1 1/2-2 1/2 ft. tall.
Trunks split open during dry spells, allowing wildlife access to the spongy interior and leaf bases.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Leaves up to about 2-1/2 feet long. Flower stalk up to about 15 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
Native Habitat: Flat desert areas, Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannas, Chaparral & brush country
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Sandy, Caliche type, Igneous, Limestone-based;adaptable
Conditions Comments: This short-trunked desert perennial is often mistaken for yucca. A 9-15 ft. flower stalk, bearing a 2-3 ft. spike of yellowish flowers, is subtended by a basal cluster of dark, bluish-green sharp edged leaves with evenly-spaced spines and a wide, cupped base. Trunks split open during dry spells, allowing wildlife access to the spongy interior and leaf bases.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Easily grown, Rock gardens, Rocky hillside, Security hedge
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: High
PropagationCommercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
NPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter - Fredericksburg, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
Jacob's Well Natural Area - Wimberley, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-CW-3 Collected 2005-08-03 in Mason County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 354 - Native & Naturalized Woody Plants of Austin & the Hill Country (1981) Lynch, D.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Dasylirion texanum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Dasylirion texanum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Dasylirion texanum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-04-11
Research By: TWC Staff, GDB