En Español

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?

Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions

Please forgive us, but Mr. Smarty Plants has been overwhelmed by a flood of mail and must take a break for awhile to catch up. We hope to be accepting new questions again soon. Thank you!

Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.

 
rate this answer
Not Yet Rated

Tuesday - October 12, 2010

From: Chana, IL
Region: Midwest
Topic: Cacti and Succulents, Herbs/Forbs
Title: Nightflowering plants native to Northern Illinois
Answered by: Nan Hampton

QUESTION:

Looking for any/all info on night flowering plants that are native to Northern Illinois.

ANSWER:

Let's start with ones that have 'evening' as part of their common name.  You can do a search in our Native Plant Database using 'evening' as the search term in the Name: slot.  You can find the ones from that list that grow in Illinois by using the NARROW YOUR SEARCH option in the sidebar.  This will give you 16 species (plus three subspecies).  To check whether they occur in Northern Illinois, scroll down the species page to ADDITIONAL RESOURCES and click on the USDA link for the plant.  This will take you to the USDA Plants Database where you will find a distribution map.  Clicking on Illinois will give you another map showing the counties where the plant has been reported.

All the members of the Family Onagraceae (Evening-primrose Family) are, by their family name, implicated as being nightblooming. However, some of them are strictly daybloomers and I have indicated, according to my sources, which those are.

EVENING PRIMROSES

Calylophus serrulatus (Yellow sundrops or yellow evening primrose) is called 'evening-primrose' but reportedly blooms during the day.

Oenothera albicaulis (Whitest evening-primrose) and here are more photos and information.

Oenothera biennis (Common evening-primrose) and here are more photos and information.

Oenothera clelandii (Cleland's evening primrose) and here are photos and more information.

Oenothera fruticosa (Narrowleaf evening-primrose) is called 'evening-primrose' but reportedly blooms during the day.

Oenothera grandis (Largeflower eveningprimrose) and here are more photos and information.

Oenothera laciniata (Cutleaf evening-primrose) and here are more photos and information.

Oenothera linifolia (Threadleaf evening-primrose) and here are more photos and information.

Oenothera macrocarpa (Bigfruit evening-primrose) and here are more photos and information.

Oenothera nuttallii (Nuttall's evening-primrose) and here are more photos and information.

Oenothera oakesiana (Oakes' evening-primrose) and here are photos and more information.

Oenothera parviflora (Northern evening-primrose) called an 'evening primrose' but is reported to bloom during the day.

Oenothera perennis (Little evening-primrose) called an 'evening primrose' but is reported to bloom during the day.

Oenothera pilosella (Meadow evening-primrose) called an 'evening primrose' but is reported to bloom during the day.

Oenothera rhombipetala (Diamond petal primrose) and here are more photos and information.

Oenothera speciosa (Pink evening primrose) is called 'evening-primrose' but reportedly blooms during the day.

Oenothera triloba (Stemless evening-primrose) and here are more photos and information.

Oenothera villosa (hairy evening primrose) and here are photos and more information.

By doing a search on the USDA Plants Database for Illinois plants containing 'night' in the common name, I found one more native nightblooming species for Iliinois in the Familly Caryophyllaceae (Pink Family).  It is:

Silene nivea (evening campion) and here are photos and more information.

Here is another known nightbloomer in the Family Solanaceae (Potato Family):

Datura wrightii (Sacred thorn-apple)

Other plants have flowers that persist during daylight hours but produce scents that attract night-pollinating insects (such as moths) and bats.  Here is one in the Family Agavaceae (Century-plant Family) that is native to Illinois:

Yucca filamentosa (Adam's needle)

There are, doubtless, other nightblooming flowers native to  Illinois, but this is a pretty good list.  Other nightbloomers are more likely than not going to be white or yellow or some other pale color that will reflect the most light when the moon is bright.

 

More Cacti and Succulents Questions

Spanish Dagger plant interfering with walkway in Ingram TX
April 09, 2010 - I have a Spanish Dagger that is now 8 feet tall and about to fall over in a walkway. Due to the danger of these very sharp tips I need to either cut down the plant or try to root in and replant. If ...
view the full question and answer

Sap from agave causing reactions from Edgewater FL
April 06, 2012 - Not only was I stuck with the century plant thorns and needle like ends when I was digging up its pups, but I also broke the carrot-like root of a few when I was transplanting and got the white sap on...
view the full question and answer

Cutting bloom stalk of century plant in San Diego CA
June 25, 2010 - My 28 yr old century plant will bloom soon. I understand it will die. Will this 30 ft stalk then likely fall? Will I need to call someone to cut the dead stalk? The base is nearly 7 ft by 6ft - n...
view the full question and answer

Trimming freeze-damaged Agave Americana in Alvarado TX
April 08, 2010 - What is the best way to trim Agave Americana cactus? The freeze this winter when it snowed has caused the leaves to die towards the bottom of the plant.
view the full question and answer

Transplanting young Nolina texana plants
August 05, 2011 - Mr. SP, I am looking for information relating to transplanting some young Nolina texana. Esp. the best time of the year and whether to replant directly in the ground or .. Thanks,
view the full question and answer

Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.
E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | JOBS | SITEMAP | STAFF INTRANET
© 2016 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center