En EspaŅol

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?

Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
 
rate this answer
1 rating

Friday - January 06, 2012

From: Palacios, TX
Region: Southwest
Topic: Plant Lists, Trees, Wildflowers
Title: Trees and wildflowers for Matagorda County, Texas
Answered by: Nan Hampton

QUESTION:

My family has a fish farm in Palacios, Matagorda county. I would like to plant trees and wild flowers on the property. Can you suggest the appropriate kind that can withstand the salt water around and the constant sea breeze. Thanks.

ANSWER:

First of all, I urge you to look at our Texas–South Recommended list.  These plants are: "Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in South Texas."  To determine their salt tolerance, there are a couple of resources:

  • List 1Salt Tolerant Plants for East Central Florida, from Rockledge Gardens.  This list contains many plants that are not native and some that are native to Florida but not to Matagorda County, Texas.  However, if you compare the plants from our Texas–South Recommended list and find them on the Florida list, you will know the salt tolerance for the plant that grows in your county.
  • List 2Landscape Plant Lists for Salt Tolerance Assessment from Texas A&M University Agricultural Research and Extension Center.  This list contains many non-native plants.  This publication also lists the spray resistance of plants. You can determine if a plant of interest is native by searching for it (use the scientific name) in our Native Plant Database.

Now here are some choices for you—many are on the Texas-South Recommended list; but, if not, they are plants that have been reported growing in or near Matagorda County.  The designations for List 1 are: Moderate Salt Tolerance or High Salt Tolerance.  The designations for List 2 are: Sensistive, Moderately Sensitive, Moderately Tolerant, Tolerant, and Highly Tolerant.

TREES:

Acacia farnesiana (Huisache)  High Salt Tolerance (1)

Cordia boissieri (Mexican olive) Moderate Salt Tolerance (1)

Ilex vomitoria (Yaupon) Moderate Salt Tolerance (1) or Moderately Sensitive (2)

Quercus virginiana (Coastal live oak) High Salt Tolerance  (1)

Sabal mexicana (Mexican palm) High Salt Tolerance (1)

Sophora tomentosa (Yellow necklacepod) High Salt Tolerance (1)

Prosopis glandulosa (Honey mesquite)  Tolerant (2)

Robinia pseudoacacia (Black locust) Tolerant (2)

Gleditsia triacanthos (Honey locust) Tolerant (2)

SHRUBS:

Callicarpa americana (American beautyberry) Moderate Salt Tolerance (1)

Leucophyllum frutescens (Cenizo) Moderate Salt Tolerance (1) and Tolerant (2)

Malpighia glabra (Acerola) Moderate Salt Tolerance (1)

Parkinsonia aculeata (Retama) High Salt Tolerance (1)

Sabal minor (Dwarf palmetto) High Salt Tolerance (1)

HERBS—WILDFLOWERS:

Coreopsis tinctoria var. tinctoria (Golden tickseed) High Salt Tolerance (1)

Gaillardia pulchella (Firewheel) High Salt Tolerance (1)

Kosteletzkya virginica (Virginia saltmarsh mallow) Moderate Salt Tolerance  (1)

Lantana urticoides (Texas lantana) High Salt Tolerance (1)

Opuntia spp. (prickly pear cactus) High Salt Tolerance (1)

Phlox drummondii ssp. drummondii (Annual phlox) High Salt Tolerance (1)

Here are photos of some of the above from our Image Gallery:

 

From the Image Gallery


Huisache
Acacia farnesiana

Mexican olive
Cordia boissieri

Yellow necklacepod
Sophora tomentosa

Mexican palm
Sabal mexicana

Black locust
Robinia pseudoacacia

Cenizo
Leucophyllum frutescens

Retama
Parkinsonia aculeata

Dwarf palmetto
Sabal minor

Golden tickseed
Coreopsis tinctoria var. tinctoria

Firewheel
Gaillardia pulchella

Texas lantana
Lantana urticoides

Annual phlox
Phlox drummondii ssp. drummondii

More Trees Questions

Redbud leaves turning yellow in mid-summer
July 13, 2012 - The leaves on our redbud trees are turning yellow. The yellow leaves are pale with no other spots and no dark veins. I don't know for sure which variety of redbud they are or how old they are (more t...
view the full question and answer

Looking for yellow bottlebrush (Callistemon sp.) and native substitutes
February 14, 2008 - I have been looking for years for a yellow bottle bush. It is identical to the red but is yellow. there are several varieties, but the one i want is just like the red one in appearance. I live in Flor...
view the full question and answer

Plants native to Central New Jersey
September 28, 2008 - What trees are native to Central New Jersey? Also, can you give me a website or information on plant life and tree life in Central New Jersey?
view the full question and answer

Plants for shade under pine trees in Grapevine TX
May 16, 2010 - What plants are good to put under pine trees in the shade? I live in the Dallas Fort Worth area? The previous owners stuck a Japanese Maple in there that seems to be ok and some sort of holly bush (n...
view the full question and answer

Identification of tree with round purple leaves
May 14, 2014 - What is tne name of the purple leaf tree whose leaves are spherical? Maybe 1 to 2" in diameter? A neighbor who has moved now, had one but cut it down before i could find out or rescue it. It wasnt ...
view the full question and answer

Smarty Plants's Facebook profile Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.

Mr. Smarty Plants wants you to be his Facebook friend. Click the Facebook icon to add yourself to Mr. Smarty Plants list of friends.
E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | SITEMAP | STAFF
© 2015 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center