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Sabal mexicana Mart.
Mexican palm, Palma Di Micharos, Rio Grande palmetto, Texas palm, Texas palmetto
Synonym(s): Inodes exul, Inodes texana, Sabal exul, Sabal texana
USDA Symbol: same8
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
This is usually a stout tree to 50 ft. tall, with a trunk to almost 3 ft. in diameter. Large, blue-green, fan-shaped leaves, up to 3 ft. wide, are divided into many palmate segments. The leaf stalk is stout, equally or exceeding the leaf in length. Dark purple fruits hang in showy clusters.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Retention: Evergreen Size Notes:
36-50 feet Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
DistributionUSA: TX Native Distribution:
Along the Rio Grande River in south Texas, south to Central America. Possibly ranged as far north as San Antonio in historic times. Native Habitat:
Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low , Medium Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry , Moist Cold Tolerant:
Moist soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay Conditions Comments:
Very slow-growing, beautiful tree. The dark purple fruit
is showy and attractive to wildlife. Difficult to transplant after its a foot tall because of its large root system. The trunk doesnt begin to appear until the tree
is at least 10 years old. Use this native
palm to add a tropical look to your landscape.
Aromatic, Winter-hardy, Accent tree
or shrub Use Wildlife:
These trees are sanctuaries for birds and other wildlife. Fragrant Flowers:
Birds Deer Resistant:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Fresh seeds require no pretreatment but germination will be better with stratification. Seeds require a moist, muddy seedbed.
Seed Treatment: Stratify 30 days at 38 degrees
Commercially Avail: yes
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff