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Solidago sempervirens L.
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
USDA Symbol: sose
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), PR (I), CAN (N)
This perennial produces a tight clump of narrow, evergreen basal leaves topped by leafy, erect or arching, 2-6 ft. stalks. The terminal or upper axillary flowering heads are dense, the lowest branches somewhat recurved. Flowers are deep-yellow and the leaves are somewhat succulent. Succulent-leaved salt-marsh Goldenrod with arching branches that bear one-sided clusters of large, bright yellow flower heads.
Plants found from Florida to Texas and Mexico are recognized by some experts as a different species (S. mexicana), but as another variety of this single species, S. sempervirens var. mexicana, by others. It also hybridizes regularly with Rough-stemmed Goldenrod (S. rugosa).
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Size Notes: Up to about 6 feet tall.
Leaf: Dark Green
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
DistributionUSA: AL , CT , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TX , VA
Canada: NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Coastal areas from Nf. to FL, TX & Mex.
Native Habitat: Saline places along the coast
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: Pinch the growing tips in June for a more compact plant. This goldenrod does not spread by rhizomes or become invasive. It is resistant to salt spray.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationCommercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Naval Air Station Kingsville - Kingsville, TX
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1244 Collected 2008-11-13 in Brazoria County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Research LiteratureReslit 2795 - Responses of populations of Solidago sempervirens (Compositae) to salt spray across a barrier beach (1980) R. J. Cartica, J. A. Quinn
Reslit 2796 - Resource allocation and fecundity of populations of Solidago sempervirens along a coastal dune gradient (1982) R. J. Cartica, J. A. Quinn
Reslit 2797 - Studies on the seedling development of Solidago rugosa Mill., S. sempervirens L. and the reciprocal hybrids between them (1937) R. H. Goodwin
Reslit 2798 - The role of auxin in leaf development in Solidago species (1937) R. H. Goodwin
Reslit 2799 - The effect of seed dispersal limitations on the spatial distribution of a gap species, seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens) (1993) P. C. Lee
Reslit 2800 - The effect of gap dynamics on the size and spatial structure of Solidago sempervirens on primary coastal dunes (1995) P. C. Lee
Reslit 2801 - Arbuscular mycorrhizae in sand dune plants of the north Atlantic Coast of the US: Field and greenhouse inoculation and presence of mycorrhizae in planting stock (1997) J. N. Gemma, R. E. Koske
Reslit 2802 - Effects of salinity on germination and growth of Solidago sempervirens var. mexicana (L.) Fern (1997) C. Orava, D. R. Drake
Reslit 2803 - Population differentiation in the range expansion of a native maritime plant, Solidago sempervirens L. (2002) J. Brauer, M. A. Geber
Reslit 2804 - Mechanisms of exclusion of native coastal marsh plants by an invasive grass (2006) T. E. Minchinton, J. C. Simpson, M. D. Bertness
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Solidago sempervirens in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Solidago sempervirens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Solidago sempervirens
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-01-16
Research By: TWC Staff