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Baccharis neglecta (False willow)
Marcus, Joseph A.

Baccharis neglecta

Baccharis neglecta Britton

False Willow, Jara Dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Asteraceae (Aster Family)


USDA Symbol: bane2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A weedy, tall shrub abundant in fields out of cultivation and on disturbed ground, also in unshaded, low places. With ascending light brown branches and green twigs. Leaves partly evergreen, very narrow, less than 1/4 inch wide and up to 3 inches long. Male and female flowers on separate plants. Female flowers inconspicuous, silky, in small, greenish white heads which appear to be individual flowers, these arranged in large clusters up to 1 foot or more long and 8 inches wide, resembling silky plumes in October and November. Fruit, minute, about 1/16 inch long, borne on the wind by a tuft of hairs.

Though native, this species can aggressively inhabit areas with disturbed soils, including ranchland where it is considered a problem weed. It can also increase the fire potential in wildlands.


From the Image Gallery

32 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Size Notes: Up to about 15 feet tall, often much shorter.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov


Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannas

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Calcareous, Saline tolerant
Conditions Comments: The species name neglecta refers to the prevalence of this plant in "neglected" or disturbed areas.


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: High

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Patsy Glenn Refuge, c/o Wimberley Birding Society - Wimberley, TX
Nueces River Authority - Uvalde, TX
National Butterfly Center - Mission, TX
Jacob's Well Natural Area - Wimberley, TX

Herbarium Specimen(s)

NPSOT 1030C Collected Nov 11, 1994 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
NPSOT 1030B Collected Nov 11, 1994 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
NPSOT 0486B Collected Jun 23, 1993 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
NPSOT 1069 Collected May 1, 1996 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
NPSOT 1030A Collected Nov 11, 1994 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
NPSOT 0618 Collected Oct 30, 1993 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
NPSOT 0546 Collected Oct 2, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe

11 specimen(s) available in the Digital Herbarium

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-620 Collected 2007-10-27 in Hays County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank


Bibref 354 - Native & Naturalized Woody Plants of Austin & the Hill Country (1981) Lynch, D.
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Baccharis neglecta in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Baccharis neglecta in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Baccharis neglecta


Record Modified: 2022-10-12
Research By: NPC

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