Bidens laevis (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Smooth Beggartick, Smooth Bidens, Smooth Bur Marigold, Larger Bur Marigold
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
Synonym(s): Bidens elegans, Bidens nashii, Helianthus laevis
USDA Symbol: BILA
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Opposite
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Lanceolate , Linear , Obovate
Leaf Base: Cuneate
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MO , NC , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV
Native Habitat: Scattered in wet areas, ponds and streams in east, southeast and north central Texas and the Edwards Plateau; rare in the Trans-Pecos; most of the US except the higher mountainous areas.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Conditions Comments: Will bloom until frost. Plant seed or roots in sandy to clayey soil in a bog or on the edge of a pond. Will bloom best in full sun. Reseeds easily.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Natural Biodiversity - Johnstown, PA
BibliographyBibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Research LiteratureReslit 640 - Annual species abundance in a tidal freshwater marsh: Germination and survival across an elevational gradient (2008) K. N. Hopfensperger and K. A. M. Engelhardt
Reslit 1074 - Genotoxicity evaluation of the insecticide endosulfan in the wetland macrophyte Bidens laevis L (2008) D. J. Perez, M. L. Menone, E. L. Camadro and V. J....
Reslit 1933 - Comparative Capitular Morphology and Anatomy of Coreopsis L and Bidens L (Compositae), Including a Review of Generic Boundaries (1995) M. Tadesse, D. J. Crawford and E. B. Smith
Reslit 2246 - Germination of macrophytes from a Delaware River tidal freshwater wetland (1996) M. A. Leck
Reslit 2366 - Germination Ecology of Bidens laevis (Asteraceae) from a Tidal Freshwater Wetland (1994) M. A. Leck, C. C. Baskin and J. M. Baskin
Reslit 2404 - Ten-year seed bank and vegetation dynamics of a tidal freshwater marsh (1995) M. A. Leck and R. L. Simpson
Reslit 2508 - Interactive effects of animal disturbance and elevation on vegetation of a tidal freshwater marsh (2003) A. H. Baldwin and F. N. Pendleton
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Bidens laevis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Bidens laevis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Bidens laevis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2017-09-26
Research By: DEW, JSC, ADA