Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!



The Research Literature database was created and funded by the Florida Wildflower Foundation. Use the search features below to find scientific articles on native wildflowers that are commercially available or used in restoration projects.

About Research Literature Frequently Asked Questions Related Links

Search research literature:

See a list of all citations

Ten-year seed bank and vegetation dynamics of a tidal freshwater marsh

Author(s): M. A. Leck and R. L. Simpson

Month: Dec
Year: 1995

Journal: American Journal of Botany
Volume: 82
Issue: 12
Pages: 1547-1557

Article Topic(s): Community level survey,Succession,Germination
Research Setting(s): Wetland,Coastal

Species Referenced: Bidens laevis (Smooth beggartick),


Describes a ten year experiment on recruitment and establishment in a tidal freshwater marsh along the Delaware River. Species demonstrated unique patterns and there were significant fluctuations from year to year. Four annual species, including Bidens laevis, comprised over 90% of the seed bank and seedlings.

Suggested Citation

M. A. Leck and R. L. Simpson. "Ten-year seed bank and vegetation dynamics of a tidal freshwater marsh." American Journal of Botany 82.12 (1995): 1547-1557.

Go back