En EspaŅol

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?

Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
 
rate this answer
2 ratings

Tuesday - August 02, 2011

From: St. Petersburg, FL
Region: Southeast
Topic: Water Gardens, Wildlife Gardens, Erosion Control, Grasses or Grass-like
Title: Looking for grasses for slope around retention pond in Florida
Answered by: Nan Hampton

QUESTION:

I live in St. Petersburg, FL on a large retention pond. Most of my neighbors on the pond have seawalls. I do not nor do my neighbors to my left and right. I am interested in colorful grasses to put on my very steep 75 foot bank which is high on one end and low on another end that curves. I would like to plant grasses that would attract wildlife such as butterflies and songbirds hopefully.. (We have several kinds of fish, water birds, turtles, snakes (yuk), otters, and once in a while a random alligator.) I have put several types of reeds, water lillies that are native, canna, (into the low water area itself). But from reading your responses grasses are the way to go. Would greatly benefit from your input. I neglected to mention we have had awful freezes the last 3 years.

ANSWER:

With the plants you have already installed, it sounds as if you are well on your way to controlling erosion on your slope and furnishing food for butterflies and songbirds.  The grasses will be an ideal addition since they are very effective in stabilizing slopes since their fibrous root systems hold the soil in place so well.  The Grass Family is an essential larval host for most banded skippers and most of the satyrs as well as other butterflies and moths.  They also provide seeds for many species of birds. You don't say how far from the coast you are, but most of the grasses below are at least moderately resistant to salt winds.  All of these grasses are found in Pinellas county and many of these grasses were found on the Florida Native Plant Society's page, Natives to Grow in Pinellas County.  You can find other grasses and other plants on that page that are suitable for landscaping in Pinellas County.   You can search our National Suppliers Directory to find nurseries and seed companies specializing in native plants in your area.

 Eragrostis elliottii (field lovegrass)

Muhlenbergia capillaris (Gulf muhly) and here are more photos and information.  This grass has a beautiful purple inflorescence.

Paspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)

Spartina patens (Marsh-hay cord grass) and here are photos and more information.  Birds use the seeds.

Spartina alterniflora (Saltmarsh cordgrass) and here are more photos and information.  This grass is a host for Automensis louisiana (Louisiana eyed silkmoth)  and Poanes aaroni (Aaron's skipper).

Spartina bakeri (sand cordgrass)

Uniola paniculata (Sea oats) and here are more photos and information.

Spartina spartinae (Gulf cordgrass)

Panicum virgatum (Switchgrass) and here are photos and more information.  This grass is a host for Anatrytone logan (Delaware skipper) and Hesperia attalus (dotted skipper).

 

From the Image Gallery


Gulf muhly
Muhlenbergia capillaris

Saltmarsh cordgrass
Spartina alterniflora

Sea oats
Uniola paniculata

Switchgrass
Panicum virgatum

More Wildlife Gardens Questions

Fertilizing oaks to produce more acorns
March 04, 2009 - What type of fertilizer would I use on oak trees to possibly increase growth and acorn production ? I have some flooded oak timber that is home to migrating ducks but there is little for them to eat.
view the full question and answer

Planting for parrots
March 23, 2005 - I have 2 parrots, a sun conure and a nanday conure, and I would like to find some plants to put in their aviary room that are safe for parrots. Can you help me with this question?
view the full question and answer

Will shoes pick up American Beautyberry fruit and stain carpets?
March 21, 2010 - Do the berries from American Beautyberry fall on the ground so your shoes pick up the berries to stain the carpet in my house?
view the full question and answer

Bird-friendly plants for South Texas
April 05, 2011 - Which are the best plants that provide food (perennials, shrubs, trees, and vines) to attract birds to my backyard garden? (I have water and cover and would like to make sure I have the 10 best plants...
view the full question and answer

Butterflies and larval hosts in Dallas County
June 19, 2007 - My class is starting a butterfly habitat at school. We have researched plants that attract butterflies, however we forgot to look for plants that feed the caterpillars and we want to provide the expe...
view the full question and answer

Smarty Plants's Facebook profile Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.

Mr. Smarty Plants wants you to be his Facebook friend. Click the Facebook icon to add yourself to Mr. Smarty Plants list of friends.
E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | SITEMAP
© 2014 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center