Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or you can choose a plant family:
Verbena bracteata (Bigbract verbena)
Loveless, Brenda K.

Verbena bracteata

Verbena bracteata Cav. ex Lag. & Rodr.

Bigbract Verbena, Carpet Vervain, Prostrate Vervain

Verbenaceae (Verbena Family)

Synonym(s): Verbena bracteosa, Verbena imbricata

USDA Symbol: vebr

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

A low, prostrate plant, much-branched from the base, with hairy stems and pinnately lobed leaves. Square stems grow from 12-16 in. long. Dense, pubescent spikes of pale-blue to purple flowers occur at branch ends.

This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. Among them, teak is a highly prized furniture wood, and Vervain, Lantana, Lippia or Frog Fruit, and Chase Tree or Vitex are grown as ornamentals.


From the Image Gallery

7 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Schizocarp
Size Notes: Stems prostrate, up to about 16 inches long.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , FL , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , BC , ON , SK
Native Distribution: FL to TX, CA & Mex., n. to s.e. VA, WI & B.C.; adventive to New England
Native Habitat: Waste places; roadsides; fields

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Description: Various drier soils.

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR


Bibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Verbena bracteata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Verbena bracteata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Verbena bracteata


Record Modified: 2023-03-01
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back