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Stachys coccinea Ortega
Scarlet Betony, Texas Betony, Scarlet Hedgenettle, Scarlet Hedge-nettle
Lamiaceae (Mint Family)
USDA Symbol: stco
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
The stout, square stems of Scarlet Hedge-nettle or Texas Betony rise to 3 ft. or more and are lined with pairs of dark-green leaves becoming smaller up the stem. The inflorescence is an interrupted spike of two-lipped, bright-red, tubular flowers. A stout, erect, leafy plant, covered with soft hairs.
Its scarlet color distinguishes this species from other western plants of its genus, which are pink or purplish. If cultivated, it should be grown from seed. Stachys plants have no stinging hairs, as do true nettles, but resembles nettles in other ways, especially before flowering. In the Old World, some grow near hedges and are known as hedge-nettles.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
DistributionUSA: AZ , NM , TX
Native Distribution: W. TX to s. AZ & adjacent Mex.
Native Habitat: Moist crevices of steep slopes & canyons, Found in moist crevices and steep, stony places in the mountains of the Trans-Pecos. Moist, well-drained sand, loam, clay.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Texas betony has aromatic foliage and a tremendous bloom show. The heaviest blooms are in early spring, but Texas betony continues to display vivid scarlet flowers throughout the season. Makes a good groundcover for shady places.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Flowers attract hummingbirds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Fragrant Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: High
PropagationCommercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Native plants for shady small spaces in Houston, TX
June 18, 2006
What are the best plants and flowers to plant in small spaces in an urban area in Houston, Texas? I have several flower beds that are 3 foot wide and 10-12 foot long that get half day sun. The area...
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National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
NPSOT - Native Plant Society of Texas - Fredericksburg, TX
NPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter - Fredericksburg, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX
BibliographyBibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Stachys coccinea in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Stachys coccinea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Stachys coccinea
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-28
Research By: TWC Staff, LAS