Penstemon eatonii A. Gray
Firecracker Penstemon, Firecracker Beardtongue, Eaton's Penstemon, Eaton's Beardtongue
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)
USDA Symbol: peea
This perennialís striking feature is its scarlet flowers. Five to ten long, narrow, tubular blossoms top each of the numerous 2-3 ft. high stems. Leaves are tough, leathery, and deep green, arranged in pairs along the coarse, purplish stems.
Penstemon eatonii attracts hummingbirds to its tubular red flowers.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AZ , CA , CO , NM , NV , UT
Native Distribution: S.w. CO & UT to c. AZ & s.w. CA
Native Habitat: Mesas; fields; roadsides; dry, rocky slopes at lower elevations
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Dry, gravelly soils.
Conditions Comments: This drought tolerant plant is excellent for dry, gravelly banks and background plantings.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Firecracker penstemon attracts hummingbirds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Most successfully propagated by stratified seed, although root division in late fall is possible.
Seed Treatment: Stratify at 40 degrees for 1-2 months before planting.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Penstemon eatonii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Penstemon eatonii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Penstemon eatonii
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-22
Research By: TWC Staff