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Epilobium canum (Hummingbird trumpet)
Anderson, Wynn

Epilobium canum

Epilobium canum (Greene) P.H. Raven

Hummingbird Trumpet, California Fuchsia, Zauschneria

Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)


USDA Symbol: epca3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A somewhat shrubby green or grayish plant, often with many branches with brilliant red, trumpet-shaped flowers blooming in profusion near ends, commonly all oriented in the same direction.

Related to the popular ornamental Fuchsias, most originally from the American tropics. In California, Zauschneria blooms late in the season, after the summer heat has turned grasses brown and driven most wildflowers to seed. The bright scarlet flowers produce nectar, supplying hummingbirds with food for the start of their southward migration.


From the Image Gallery

7 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall, often much shorter.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Red , Orange
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Orange-red, very rarely white.


USA: AZ , CA , ID , NM , NV , OR , UT , WY
Native Distribution: Southwestern Oregon to Baja California; east to southwestern New Mexico.
Native Habitat: Dry slopes and ridges from sea level to high in the mountains; in the Southwest in damp canyons.

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
United States Botanic Garden - Washington, DC
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR


Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Epilobium canum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Epilobium canum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Epilobium canum


Record Modified: 2023-04-20
Research By: TWC Staff

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