Epilobium canum (Greene) P.H. Raven
Hummingbird Trumpet, California Fuchsia, Zauschneria
Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)
USDA Symbol: epca3
A somewhat shrubby green or grayish plant, often with many branches with brilliant red, trumpet-shaped flowers blooming in profusion near ends, commonly all oriented in the same direction.
Related to the popular ornamental Fuchsias, most originally from the American tropics. In California, Zauschneria blooms late in the season, after the summer heat has turned grasses brown and driven most wildflowers to seed. The bright scarlet flowers produce nectar, supplying hummingbirds with food for the start of their southward migration.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall, often much shorter.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Red , Orange
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Orange-red, very rarely white.
DistributionUSA: AZ , CA , ID , NM , NV , OR , UT , WY
Native Distribution: Southwestern Oregon to Baja California; east to southwestern New Mexico.
Native Habitat: Dry slopes and ridges from sea level to high in the mountains; in the Southwest in damp canyons.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
United States Botanic Garden - Washington, DC
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Epilobium canum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Epilobium canum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Epilobium canum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-04-20
Research By: TWC Staff