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Castilleja linariifolia Benth.
Wyoming Indian Paintbrush, Wyoming Indian-paintbrush
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)
Synonym(s): Castilleja linariifolia var. omnipubescens, Castilleja linearis, Castilleja trainii
USDA Symbol: cali4
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Wyoming indian-paintbrush is a grayish-green, pubescent perennial with several leafy stems to 3 ft. tall, or more. Linear leaves subtend the torch-like spikes of showy, bright-red bracts. These bracts are hiding small, green flowers.
Roots grow until they touch the roots of other plants, frequently grasses, then penetrate the roots of these host plants, obtaining a portion of their nutrients. Transplanting paintbrush plants usually kills them.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 6 feet tall, usually much shorter.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AZ , CA , CO , ID , MT , NM , NV , OR , UT , WY
Native Distribution: S. MT to c. OR, s. to n.w. NM, n. AZ & e. CA
Native Habitat: Moist to dry, open woods & brush areas from 2500-12,000 ft.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Moist, well-drained, rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Roots grow until they touch the roots of other plants, frequently grasses, then penetrate the roots of these host plants, obtaining a portion of their nutrients. Transplanting paintbrush usually kills it.
PropagationDescription: Sow seeds in the fall.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 1207 - Earth Medicine, Earth Food (1990) Michael A. Weiner
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Castilleja linariifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Castilleja linariifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Castilleja linariifolia
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-28
Research By: TWC Staff