Zizia aptera (A. Gray) Fernald
Heart-leaved Meadow Parsnip, Heartleaf Meadow Parsnip, Meadow Parsnip, Heartleaf Alexanders, Meadow Zizia, Zizia
Apiaceae (Carrot Family)
Synonym(s): Zizia aptera var. occidentalis, Zizia cordata
USDA Symbol: ZIAP
A short-lived, branching perennial with reddish stems, heart-shaped basal leaves and ternately divided stem leaves. Tiny, yellow flowers in clusters, gather into large, flat-topped flower heads. The 1-3 ft. tall plants may occur singly or in clumps.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Schizocarp
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KY , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NJ , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , UT , VA , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , MB , SK
Native Distribution: NY to OH, WI, Man. & e. B.C., s. to GA, AR, n.e. NV & n.w. OR
Native Habitat: Moist prairies; open woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist, sandy or sandy-clay soils.
Conditions Comments: Tolerant of alkaline soils.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Plant stratified seed in fall. Germination is often low and is best in cool soil. Mature plants can be divided in spring or fall.
Seed Treatment: Plant stratified seed in fall. Seeds germinate best in cool soil.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Zizia aptera in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Zizia aptera in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zizia aptera
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-04-28
Research By: TWC Staff