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Viola purpurea (Goose-foot violet)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia

Viola purpurea

Viola purpurea Kellogg

Goose-foot Violet, Goose-foot Yellow Violet, Mountain Violet, Purplish Violet

Violaceae (Violet Family)


USDA Symbol: VIPU4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Bilaterally symmetrical, yellow flowers facing outward and hanging at tips of slender stalks growing from axils of purplish-green leaves.

The leaves of this variable violet often have a purplish hue and are prominently veined. The shape of some leaves is reminiscent of a goose's foot, hence the common name.


From the Image Gallery

1 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 10 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Purple , Brown
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AZ , CA , CO , ID , MT , NV , OR , UT , WA , WY
Native Distribution: Eastern British Columbia and eastern Washington south to southern California and east to Arizona, Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana.
Native Habitat: In open or partly shaded places from lowlands to high mountains.

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Callippe Fritillary
(Speyeria callippe)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 36 - Jepson eFlora (2019) The Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Viola purpurea in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola purpurea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola purpurea


Record Modified: 2023-01-04
Research By: TWC Staff

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