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Trifolium reflexum (Buffalo clover)
Cressler, Alan

Trifolium reflexum

Trifolium reflexum L.

Buffalo Clover

Fabaceae (Pea Family)

Synonym(s): Trifolium reflexum var. glabrum

USDA Symbol: TRRE2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (W)

A non-stoloniferous clover with large, round reddish flower heads on slender pedicels. Finely hairy, ascending stems are branched from the base. Leaves are composed of three oval leaflets. The plant is 8-20 in. high.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Fruit Type: Legume
Size Notes: Up to about 20 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Red , Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AL , AR , DC , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , NE , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV
Native Distribution: S.e. VA to KY & MO, s. to FL & n.e. TX
Native Habitat: Sandy prairies & thin forests

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Well-drained, sandy soils.

Research Literature

Reslit 200 - Buffalo clovers in Kentucky (Trifolium stoloniferum and Trifolium reflexum) - Historical records, presettlement environment, rediscovery, endangered status, cultivation and chromosome number (1988) J. J. N. Campbell, M. Evans, M. E. Medley and N. L...
Reslit 623 - Genetic variation in running buffalo clover (Trifoflium stofoniferum, Fabaceae) (1991) R. J. Hickey, M. A. Vincent and S. I. Guttman
Reslit 1117 - Response of native eastern North American Trifolium spp to root-knot nematodes (1997) K. H. Quesenberry, N. M. Call, D. E. Moon and R. A...
Reslit 1118 - Characterization of physiological and morphological variability in buffalo clover germplasm (2003) K. H. Quesenberry, J. M. Mullaney, A. R. Blount, R...
Reslit 1379 - Crossing and morphological relationships among native clovers of eastern North America (1994) N. L. Taylor, J. M. Gillett, J. J. N. Campbell and...

This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature

Additional resources

USDA: Find Trifolium reflexum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Trifolium reflexum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Trifolium reflexum


Record Modified: 2016-09-19
Research By: TWC Staff

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