Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or you can choose a plant family:
Sida rhombifolia (Cuban jute)
Smith, R.W.

Sida rhombifolia

Sida rhombifolia L.

Cuban Jute, Axocatzin

Malvaceae (Mallow Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N), HI (I?), PR (N), VI (N)


From the Image Gallery

7 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb , Subshrub
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Schizocarp
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Flowers year-round in warmer part of range.


USA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , FL , GA , HI , KY , LA , MD , MS , NC , NJ , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Tropical Checkered-Skipper
(Pyrgus oileus)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX

Herbarium Specimen(s)

NPSOT 0775 Collected Sep 15, 1993 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe

1 specimen(s) available in the Digital Herbarium

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-1208 Collected 2008-09-25 in Harrison County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Research Literature

Reslit 2785 - Influence of accelerated aging and light on the physiological quality of arrowleaf sida seeds (2009) D.B.D. Carvalho, R.I.N.D. Carvalho
Reslit 2786 - Role of high temperature pretreatments on seed germination of desert species of Sida (Malvaceae) (1971) D. D. Chawan
Reslit 2787 - Control of different species of Sida spp. with sequential applications of flumiclorac-pentil (2007) J. Constantin, R. S. De Oliveira, Jr., L. H. Kajih...
Reslit 2788 - Natural enemies of Sida acuta and S. rhombifolia (Malvaceae) in Mexico and their potential for biological control of these weeds in Australia (1991) J. D. Gillett, K. L. S. Harley, R. C. Kassulke, H....
Reslit 2789 - Seed-bank dynamics of the tropical weed Sida rhombifolia (Malvaceae): incidence of seedling emergence, predators and pathogens (2009) C. Rodriguez, M. A. Garcia
Reslit 2790 - Effect of temperature, concentrated H2SO4 and nonpolar solvents on removal of coat imposed dormancy in S. acuta Burm. F. and S. rhombifolia L. (1999) S. Seal, K. Gupta
Reslit 2791 - Chalazal regulation of seed coat imposed dormancy in Sida species (2000) S. Seal, K. Gupta
Reslit 2792 - Arrowleaf sida (Sida rhombifolia) and prickly sida (Sida spinosa): germination and emergence (1992) C. A. Smith, D. R. Shaw, L. J. Newsom
Reslit 2794 - Effects of seasonal variations on the emergence of Solanum viarum and Sida rhombifolia under different sowing depths (2011) M.C. Souza, M.C. Parreira, C.L.D. Amaral, P.L.D.C....

This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature

Additional resources

USDA: Find Sida rhombifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Sida rhombifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sida rhombifolia


Record Modified: 2022-12-15
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back