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Rosa woodsii Lindl.
Woods' Rose, Western Wild Rose
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
USDA Symbol: ROWO
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
The Wood Rose is a much-branched, deciduous shrub, usually 3-6 ft. tall, often growing in dense thickets. Stems are red and prickled on their lower portions, though not as well-armed as other wild roses. Leaves are pinnately-compoud with five to nine leaflets. Pink, five-petaled flowers, 2 in. across, are followed by many orange-red hips.
This is a variable species, with a number of varieties occuring throughout the western states.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 15 feet tall, often much shorter.
Fruit: Hip (mature floral tube) surrounding achenes.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AK , AZ , CA , CO , IA , ID , KS , MN , MT , ND , NE , NM , NV , OK , OR , SD , TX , UT , WA , WI , WY
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NT , ON , SK
Native Distribution: ND to B.C., irregularly s. to TX, CA & n. Mex.
Native Habitat: Open woods; plains; stream banks; stony slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Drought Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Sandy or light clay soils.
Conditions Comments: This is a variable species with a number of varieties occuring throughout the western states. All are susceptible to fungal problems.
BenefitWarning: Plant has thorns or prickles.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Provides Nesting Materials/Structure for Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Propagated by stem cuttings or division of rootstock. Softwood cuttings should be taken with a heel and treated with hormone. Rose seeds should be taken from the hips as soon as ripe and planted in the open or stratified before planting. Suckers can be
Seed Collection: Hips can be collected as soon as they are ripe. Achenes can then be extracted by macerating the hips in water and recovering the seeds by flotation.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Rosa woodsii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rosa woodsii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rosa woodsii
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-24
Research By: TWC Staff