Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii
Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var. menziesii
Coast Douglas Fir
Pinaceae (Pine Family)
Synonym(s): Pseudotsuga mucronata, Pseudotsuga taxifolia
USDA Symbol: PSMEM
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
The wood was used as fuel and to make items such as spear handles, harpoon shafts, spoons, dip-net poles, harpoon barbs, fire tongs, salmon weirs, caskets and halibut and cod hooks by coastal groups. The Nuxalk, Quinault and others made torches from the pitchy heartwood. (Pojar and MacKinnon, 2004)
Medicinal: The pitch was used to make a medicinal salve for wounds and skin irritantions. (Pojar and MacKinnon, 2004)
Become established after fires on wetter sites, thus many old-growth forests contain giant Douglas fir that represent a legacy of fires that swept the landscape many centuries ago.
Squirrels, chipmunks, mice, shrews, winter wren and crossbills eat the seeds.
Bears scrape off the bark and eat the sap layer beneath.
Deer browse on young trees.
From the Image Gallery
No images of this plant
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Fruit Type: Cone
Size Notes: Up to about 300 feet tall. Trunk diameter up to about 14 feet.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Not Applicable
Bloom Time: Apr
Bloom Notes: Flowers inconspicuous.
DistributionUSA: CA , NV , OR , WA
Native Habitat: Forest
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
BenefitUse Wildlife: Squirrels
Larval Host: Pine White (Neophasia menapia), Columbia silkmoth
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Learn more at BAMONA
Columbia silkmoth |
Learn more at BAMONA
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 723 - Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast: Washington, Oregon, British Columbia, and Alaska (2004) Pojar, J. & A. MacKinnon
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-10
Research By: TWC Staff