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Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii

Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var. menziesii

Coast Douglas Fir

Pinaceae (Pine Family)

Synonym(s): Pseudotsuga mucronata, Pseudotsuga taxifolia


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

The wood was used as fuel and to make items such as spear handles, harpoon shafts, spoons, dip-net poles, harpoon barbs, fire tongs, salmon weirs, caskets and halibut and cod hooks by coastal groups. The Nuxalk, Quinault and others made torches from the pitchy heartwood. (Pojar and MacKinnon, 2004)
Medicinal: The pitch was used to make a medicinal salve for wounds and skin irritantions. (Pojar and MacKinnon, 2004)
Become established after fires on wetter sites, thus many old-growth forests contain giant Douglas fir that represent a legacy of fires that swept the landscape many centuries ago.
Squirrels, chipmunks, mice, shrews, winter wren and crossbills eat the seeds.
Bears scrape off the bark and eat the sap layer beneath.
Deer browse on young trees.


From the Image Gallery

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Fruit Type: Cone
Size Notes: Up to about 300 feet tall. Trunk diameter up to about 14 feet.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Not Applicable
Bloom Time: Apr
Bloom Notes: Flowers inconspicuous.


USA: CA , NV , OR , WA
Canada: BC
Native Habitat: Forest

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist


Use Wildlife: Squirrels
Attracts: Butterflies
Larval Host: Pine White (Neophasia menapia), Columbia silkmoth

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Pine White
(Neophasia menapia)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA
Columbia silkmoth
(Hyalophora columbia)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii


Record Modified: 2022-10-10
Research By: TWC Staff

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