Peltandra virginica (L.) Schott
Tuckahoe, Green Arrow Arum, Arrow Arum, Green Arum
Araceae (Arum Family)
Synonym(s): Peltandra tharpii
USDA Symbol: PEVI
Aquatic plant with large, long-stalked fleshy leaves and a green, wavy-margined, tapering, leaf-like spathe curled around a rod-like spadix. Green arrow-arum is a slow-spreading, 2-3 ft. aquatic perennial with large, oblong to broadly triangular, bright-green, basal leaves. The inflorescence is a yellow spadix surrounded by a greenish-white spathe occuring atop a statuesque stalk. Blackish berries follow.
This aquatic is especially common in and along shallow waterways, where it may occur in large colonies. The genus name derives from the Greek pelte ("small shield") and aner ("stamen"), referring to the shield-like contour of stamens. The common name, arrow arum, of course, derives from the pronounced leaf shape, while the name, tuckahoe, is derived from the Algonquin name for the plant.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Fruit: Green, Black.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
Bloom Notes: May flower fall and winter in extreme southern part of range.
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CA , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Native Distribution: S. ME to MI & IA, s. to FL & LA
Native Habitat: Pineland swamps; shallow waters
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Mud, Shallow water.
Conditions Comments: This water plant is not subject to wildlife depredation.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Water garden, bog, or pond area. Does not aggressively colonize in a water garden the way many aquatic plants do.
Use Wildlife: The berries of arrow arum attract wood ducks and king rails.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Cuttings
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Peltandra virginica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Peltandra virginica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Peltandra virginica
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-22
Research By: TWC Staff