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Parthenium integrifolium L.
Wild Quinine, American Fever-few
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
USDA Symbol: PAIN3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Long-stalked, rough perennial with large, toothed basal leaves. Leaves become smaller upwards. Clumps of white, button-like flowers (ray flowers only) appear at the top of the plant. 1-3 feet tall.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WI , WV
Native Distribution: MD to s.e. MN, s. to GA, AL & AR
Native Habitat: Mesic to dry prairies & woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Well-drained soils.
PropagationCommercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Plant Center at Westchester Community College, The - Valhalla, NY
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Parthenium integrifolium in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Parthenium integrifolium in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Parthenium integrifolium
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-12-30
Research By: TWC Staff