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Parthenium integrifolium (Wild quinine)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Parthenium integrifolium

Parthenium integrifolium L.

Wild Quinine, American Fever-few

Asteraceae (Aster Family)


USDA Symbol: PAIN3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Long-stalked, rough perennial with large, toothed basal leaves. Leaves become smaller upwards. Clumps of white, button-like flowers (ray flowers only) appear at the top of the plant. 1-3 feet tall.


From the Image Gallery

13 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep


USA: AL , AR , CT , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WI , WV
Native Distribution: MD to s.e. MN, s. to GA, AL & AR
Native Habitat: Mesic to dry prairies & woods

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Well-drained soils.


Commercially Avail: yes

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Native Plant Center at Westchester Community College, The - Valhalla, NY
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Parthenium integrifolium in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Parthenium integrifolium in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Parthenium integrifolium


Record Modified: 2022-12-30
Research By: TWC Staff

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