Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or you can choose a plant family:
Oenothera filiformis (Longflower beeblossom)
Smith, R.W.

Oenothera filiformis

Oenothera filiformis (Small) W.L. Wagner & Hoch

Longflower Beeblossom, Longflower Gaura, Large-flowered Gaura, Kearney Gaura, Tall Gaura

Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

Synonym(s): Gaura biennis var. pitcheri, Gaura filiformis, Gaura longiflora, Gaura pitcheri

USDA Symbol: OEFI2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Species such as this one, formerly placed in the genus Gaura, are typically rather weedy plants, with leaves borne singly on the stems and frequently in a basal rosette. The flowers are in spikes or racemes, or are branching. They open in the evening. The 4 petals are on the upper side of the flower, giving it a slightly bilateral symmetry. There are normally 8 prominent stamens and 1 pistil; these are on the lower side. The stamens have reddish-brown anthers. The genus is easily recognized, but the species are sometimes difficult, due partly to a great deal of hybridization.


From the Image Gallery

5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual , Perennial , Biennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 12 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
Bloom Notes: White, fades to pinkish.


USA: AL , AR , CO , CT , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NE , OH , OK , PA , TN , TX , WI

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX

Herbarium Specimen(s)

NPSOT 0357 Collected May 22, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
NPSOT 0820 Collected Mar 12, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
NPSOT 1010 Collected Sep 3, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe

3 specimen(s) available in the Digital Herbarium

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Oenothera filiformis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Oenothera filiformis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Oenothera filiformis


Record Modified: 2023-04-20
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back