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Oenothera deltoides Torr. & Frém.
Birdcage Evening-primrose, Fragrant Primrose, Desert Evening-primrose, Birdcage Primrose, Dune Evening Primrose, Devil's-lantern
Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)
USDA Symbol: OEDE2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Opening around sunset and wilting by mid-morning, the large flowers of Devilís-lantern or Fragrant Primrose make a showy nighttime display. This is a mounded annual with a central, erect stem, 2-12+ in. high, and several leafy, decumbent to ascending branches 4 in. to 3 ft. long. The 3 in. wide, night-blooming flowers occur singly in the upper leaf axils. These flowers are white, fading pink, and are followed by a woody capsule.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
Bloom Notes: White, fading to pink.
DistributionUSA: AZ , CA , NV , OR , UT
Native Distribution: Mohave & Colorado Deserts of s. CA to AZ
Native Habitat: Dry, open, sandy areas
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Description: Sandy soils.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Sow unstratified seed in fall; stratified in spring. Plants can be divided at most any season.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1994 VOL. 11, NO.5 - Sowing Seeds in Fall for a Spectacular Spring Season, Education Director's Repor...
Wildflower Newsletter 1996 VOL. 13, NO.5 - Bats as Cacti Pollinators, Fall Foliage Hotlines, Creating Fall Foliage Leafprin...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Oenothera deltoides in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Oenothera deltoides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Oenothera deltoides
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-21
Research By: TWC Staff