Mimulus ringens L.
Allegheny Monkeyflower, Square-stemmed Monkeyflower, Square-stem Monkeyflower
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)
USDA Symbol: MIRI
Asymmetrical, 2-lipped, blue-purple flowers rise from the axils of opposite leaves that clasp the square stem.
The flower looks something like a monkeys face, hence the common and genus names, the latter from the Latin mimus (a buffoon). A variety of this plant, M. ringens var. colpophilus, found from Quebec to Maine on tidal muds, is classified as an endangered species in Maine. The lavender-flowering Sharp-winged Monkeyflower (M. alatus) has stalked leaves and a winged stem. It is more common southward and westward in wet sites.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Pink , Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: MB , NB , NS , ON , PE , QC , SK
Native Distribution: Saskatchewan to Nova Scotia; south to Georgia; west to Alabama; Louisiana, and northeastern Texas.
Native Habitat: Wet meadows and streambanks.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil Description: Loam
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Common Buckeye, Baltimore checkerspots
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Learn more at BAMONA
Common Buckeye |
Learn more at BAMONA
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Mimulus ringens in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Mimulus ringens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Mimulus ringens
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-12-07
Research By: TWC Staff