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Lysimachia ciliata (Fringed loosestrife)
Cressler, Alan

Lysimachia ciliata

Lysimachia ciliata L.

Fringed Loosestrife, Fringed Yellow Loosestrife

Primulaceae (Primrose Family)

Synonym(s): Steironema ciliatum, Steironema pumilum


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)

Fringed Yellow Loosestrife is an erect to sprawling, often branched perennial, usually 1-2 ft. tall, forming large masses of pale-green, lance-shaped foliage. An erect stem, unbranched or branched, bearing five-petaled yellow flowers rising on stalks in axils of opposite leaves; leafstalks fringed with spreading hairs.

The name emphasizes the hairy leafstalks of this wetland plant, which is sometimes placed in the genus Steironema. Southern Loosestrife (L. tonsa) has smooth leafstalks, grows only to 3' (90 cm) tall, and occurs from Kentucky and Virginia south to Georgia and west to Texas. Lance-leaved Loosestrife (L. lanceolata) has narrow leaves tapering to the base and occurs in a range similar to that of Fringed Loosestrife but not in Canada or the northern Plains states. Trailing Loosestrife (L. radicans) has very weak stems, virtually trailing on the ground, and occurs in the south-central United States east to Florida and Virginia.


From the Image Gallery

29 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall, often shorter.
Flower: Flower 1 inch

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
Bloom Notes: Yellow, sometimes with reddish base.


USA: AK , AL , AR , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , NS , NU , ON , PE , QC , SK
Native Distribution: Que. to B.C., s. to FL, TX & CO, mostly east of the Rocky Mountains, Zones 4 to 8
Native Habitat: Low grounds; thickets; woods; stream banks

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium , High
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Rich, organic, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: Tolerates seasonal flooding.


Use Ornamental: Nice as a shady groundcover.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.


Propagation Material: Root Division , Seeds
Description: Propagate by division of mature plants or rhizome cuttings in spring or fall. Seeds require light for germination so sow on top of soil.
Seed Collection: Viable 2 months after blooming
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Lysimachia ciliata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lysimachia ciliata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lysimachia ciliata


Record Modified: 2023-02-17
Research By: TWC Staff

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