Lilium columbianum Leichtlin
Columbia Lily, Columbian Lily, Oregon Lily, Wild Tiger Lily
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
Synonym(s): Lilium canadense var. parviflorum
USDA Symbol: LICO
The slender leafy stems of this lily may reach 5-6 ft. and under favorable conditions carry a dozen or more nodding, light-orange flowers, spotted maroon. May be only 6-12 in. in dry, subalpine sites. Leaves are light green and lance-shaped; the lower whorled, the upper scattered.
This is one of the most popular western wildflowers, often dug for the garden, and in some areas now uncommon. The similar Leopard Lily or Panther Lily (L. pardalinum), which grows along forest streams or near springs over most of California, has bright orange-red flowers with anthers 3/8-5/8" (9-15 mm) long.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 6 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Orange
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: CA , ID , OR , WA
Native Distribution: N. CA to B.C., n. ID & Lincoln Co., MT
Native Habitat: Ferny or brushy, redwood forest slopes; prairies; thickets
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Well-drained soils; dry in summer.
Conditions Comments: Bloom time depends on elevation.
PropagationDescription: Increase using bulb scales or offsets or seed. Sow outdoors in summer for germination the following spring. Seedlings take several years to flower.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Lilium columbianum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lilium columbianum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lilium columbianum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-16
Research By: TWC Staff