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Lilium pardalinum (Leopard lily)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia

Lilium pardalinum

Lilium pardalinum Kellogg

Leopard Lily, Tiger Lily, Panther Lily

Liliaceae (Lily Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

This is an extremely variable, colony-forming lily, spreading by creeping, rhizomatous bulbs. Considered "charming" and "graceful," the stout stems are 3-6+ ft. high with whorls of pale- to deep-green, narrow leaves. Each stem bears one to several nodding, yellow, orange or red, maroon-spotted flowers at its apex.


From the Image Gallery

5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 10 feet tall, often shorter.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Orange , Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug


Native Distribution: CA Coast Ranges & Sierra Nevadas to s. OR
Native Habitat: Conifer stream banks & springy places; up to 6000 ft.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Deep, loose, moist, but well-drained, soils.
Conditions Comments: This lily is considered the easiest of the native Pacific Coast lilies to grow and maintain. It is disease resistant and widely available.


Use Food: Bulbs consumed by indigenous peoples.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes


Description: Increase using bulb scales or offsets or seed. Sow outdoors in summer for germination the following spring. Seedlings take 4-5 years to flower; bulb divisions take 2 years. In early spring, divide the 1/2 in. scales and entire bulblets from mature bulb
Commercially Avail: yes

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Lilium pardalinum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lilium pardalinum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lilium pardalinum


Record Modified: 2023-02-16
Research By: TWC Staff

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