Lilium pardalinum Kellogg
Leopard Lily, Tiger Lily, Panther Lily
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
USDA Symbol: LIPA
This is an extremely variable, colony-forming lily, spreading by creeping, rhizomatous bulbs. Considered "charming" and "graceful," the stout stems are 3-6+ ft. high with whorls of pale- to deep-green, narrow leaves. Each stem bears one to several nodding, yellow, orange or red, maroon-spotted flowers at its apex.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 10 feet tall, often shorter.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Orange , Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: CA , OR
Native Distribution: CA Coast Ranges & Sierra Nevadas to s. OR
Native Habitat: Conifer stream banks & springy places; up to 6000 ft.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Deep, loose, moist, but well-drained, soils.
Conditions Comments: This lily is considered the easiest of the native Pacific Coast lilies to grow and maintain. It is disease resistant and widely available.
BenefitUse Food: Bulbs consumed by indigenous peoples.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Increase using bulb scales or offsets or seed. Sow outdoors in summer for germination the following spring. Seedlings take 4-5 years to flower; bulb divisions take 2 years. In early spring, divide the 1/2 in. scales and entire bulblets from mature bulb
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 1218 - Tending the Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of California's Natural Resources (2006) Anderson, M. Kat
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Lilium pardalinum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lilium pardalinum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lilium pardalinum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-16
Research By: TWC Staff