Gutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britton & Rusby
Broom Snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas Snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine Weed, Matchweed
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
Synonym(s): Gutierrezia diversifolia, Gutierrezia lepidota, Gutierrezia linearifolia, Gutierrezia linearis, Gutierrezia linoides, Gutierrezia longipappa, Gutierrezia pomariensis, Gutierrezia sarothrae var. pomariensis, Gutierrezia tenuis, Solidago sarothrae, Xanthocephalum sarothrae, Xanthocephalum sarothrae var. pomariense, Xanthocephalum tenue
USDA Symbol: GUSA2
Kindlingweed or Broom Snakeweed is a 1-3 ft. sub-shrub with many slender, branching stems. Tiny, yellow flowers cluster in tufts at ends of branches. Foliage is yellow-green and thread-like. Lower leaves are often shed by the time of flowering. Stems are mostly of the same height, producing a yellow-domed, fan-shaped plant when in flower. Many slender green branches form a round shrublet with hundreds of tiny yellow flower heads in loose clusters.
A very similar species, Little-head Snakeweed (G. microcephala), which may grow in the same area, has 1-3 ray flowers and 1-3 disc flowers. As with many aromatic plants, this species was used medicinally, occasionally as a treatment for snakebite; hence the name Snakeweed. Bundled, dried stems made primitive brooms, hence Broom. It has also been called Matchweed and Matchbush, in reference to the match-like flower heads. This plant poses serious problems as a range weed. More frequent under improper range management, it now covers thousands of square miles of once good grassland.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Habit: Herb , Subshrub
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall, often shorter.
Flower: Flowers 1/4 inch
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jan , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
DistributionUSA: AZ , CA , CO , ID , KS , MN , MT , ND , NE , NM , NV , NY , OK , OR , SD , TX , UT , WA , WY
Canada: AB , MB , NT , SK
Native Distribution: Sask. to extreme s.e. WA, s. to w. TX & CA; also n. Mex.
Native Habitat: Dry, open, calcareous mesas, plains & disturbed areas
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Rocky or gravelly soils. Caliche type, Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam Clay
Conditions Comments: Better color and less aggressive than annual broomweeds. Responds well to poor, dry soils. Generally considered a weed and indicator of poor management in range areas.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Rock gardens, Showy, Perennial garden
Use Wildlife: It is generally shunned by wildlife. Nectar-insects, Nectar-Bees, Nectar-Butterflies, Cover, Seeds-Granivorous birds. This plant is a poor grazing fodder, and the new spring growth may be toxic to animals. Since it tends to increase with overgrazing, its abundance often indicates overused rangeland. (Niering)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Propagate by seed or cuttings. Woody stem or herbaceous tip cuttings should be placed in vermiculite or sand under intermittent mist.
Seed Treatment: No pretreatment is necessary.
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0040 Collected Oct. 7, 1990 in Bexar County by Judith C. Berry
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Gutierrezia sarothrae in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Gutierrezia sarothrae in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Gutierrezia sarothrae
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-12-27
Research By: TWC Staff