Eutrochium maculatum var. maculatum
Eutrochium maculatum (L.) E.E. Lamont var. maculatum
Spotted Trumpetweed, Spotted Joe-pye-weed
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
Synonym(s): Eupatoriadelphus maculatus var. maculatus, Eupatorium maculatum var. maculatum
USDA Symbol: EUMAM4
Atop a sturdy purple or purple-spotted stem, hairy above, is a large pinkish-purplish, flat-topped cluster of fuzzy flower heads. Spotted joe-pye weed can grow from 2-7 ft. or taller in soils that are moist through the season. Narrow, lance-shaped leaves, up to 10 in. long, are whorled along the purple spotted stem. The huge, domed flower head is composed of several branches bearing tiny, pinkish-lavender florets.
This is one of several similar species found in the East. Sweet Joe-Pye-weed (Eutrochium purpureum) has a greenish stem, a dome-shaped cluster of dull pink flower heads, and foliage that smells like vanilla when crushed. Hollow Joe-Pye-weed (Eutrochium fistulosum) has a hollow stem, and Eupatoriadelphus dubius is a smaller species with ovate leaves. Folklore tells that a Native American named Joe Pye used this plant to cure fevers and that the early American colonists used it to treat an outbreak of typhus.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Purple
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AZ , CO , CT , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , PA , RI , SD , TN , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: BC , MB , NB , NS , PE , QC , SK
Native Distribution: Nf. to s.c. MT, s. to MD, NC mts., KY, LA, KS, NM & UT
Native Habitat: Swamps & marshes; meadows; moist woodlands; stream banks
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil Description: Moist or wet, calcareous soils.
Conditions Comments: Tall and bushy with whorled leaves and purple-spotted stems. (Ontario Native Plants 2002)
BenefitUse Wildlife: An important source of honey, attracting pollinators by the score.
Use Medicinal: Folklore tells that an Indian, Joe Pye, used this plant to cure fevers and that the early American colonists used it to treat an outbreak of typhus. (Niering)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Sow seeds in the fall and plant thickly as germination is usually low. Propagation is also possible by softwood cuttings taken in late spring or by division. Divide the plants in fall as they go dormant, or in the spring just as shoots first appear.
Seed Collection: The nutlets mature to shiny black 4-5 weeks after the flower has faded. Only a small percentage viable; these will be plump and swollen. To collect, either take the entire top of the plant or shake it into a paper bag. Seeds can be allowed to dry out before sowing and do not have to be perfectly cleaned. Store in a sealed refrigerated container.
Seed Treatment: This species requires or benefits from a three month period of cold-moist stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Plant Center at Westchester Community College, The - Valhalla, NY
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Eupatoriadelphus maculatus var. maculatus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Eupatoriadelphus maculatus var. maculatus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Eupatoriadelphus maculatus var. maculatus
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-01-29
Research By: TWC Staff