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Eutrochium fistulosum (Barratt) E.E. Lamont
Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen Of The Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
Synonym(s): Eupatoriadelphus fistulosus, Eupatorium fistulosum
USDA Symbol: EUFI14
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Trumpetweed or joe-pye weed can grow from 2-7 ft. or taller in soils that are moist through the season. Narrow, lance-shaped leaves, up to 10 in. long, are whorled along the erect stem. The huge, domed flower head is composed of several branches bearing tiny pinkish-lavender florets.
The Joe-Pye Weeds have been assigned to the genus Eupatoriadelphus to separate them from the Bonesets (Eupatorium). Some sources still refer to this species as Eupatorium. The genus Eupatoriadelphus differs from the genus Eupatorium by whorled leaves, while Eupatorium has opposite leaves.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Arrangement: Whorled
Leaf Shape: Lanceolate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Serrate
Size Notes: Normally 5 to 7 feet high, but can reach 12 feet.
Leaf: Dark green.
Flower: Head 6 to 14 inches across.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WV
Native Distribution: S. ME to IL, s. to FL & e. TX
Native Habitat: Alluvial woods; meadows; bogs & marshes; stream banks
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium , High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist to wet soils.
BenefitUse Ornamental: With its great height, can be a dramatic accent in the back of a garden.
Use Wildlife: An important source of honey, attracting pollinators by the score. Seeds eaten by Swamp Sparrow.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Nectar Source: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Honey Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Division , Seeds , Softwood Cuttings
Description: Sow seeds in the fall and plant thickly as germination is usually low. Propagation is also possible by "softwood" cuttings taken in late spring or by division. Divide the plants in fall as they go dormant, or in the spring just as shoots first appear.
Seed Collection: The nutlets mature to shiny black 4-5 weeks after the flower has faded. Only a small percentage viable; these will be plump and swollen. To collect, either take the entire top of the plant or shake it into a paper bag. Seeds can be allowed to dry out before sowing and do not have to be perfectly cleaned. Store in a sealed refrigerated container.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: If clump widens too much, divide it in fall or early spring.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Research LiteratureReslit 87 - Afterripening pattern during cold stratification of achenes of ten perennial Asteraceae from eastern North America, and evolutionary implication (1993) C. C. Baskin, J. M. Baskin and M. A. Leck
Reslit 1001 - Native Wildflowers: Container Production of Joe-Pye Weed from Seed (2007) J. G. Norcini, J. H. Aldrich and G. Allbritton
Reslit 2477 - Natural height control of container grown Eupatorium fistulosum (2002) G. Allbritton, J. G. Norcini and J. H. Aldrich
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Eutrochium fistulosum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Eutrochium fistulosum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Eutrochium fistulosum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-12-27
Research By: SET