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Engelmannia peristenia (Raf.) Goodman & C.A. Lawson
Engelmann's Daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
Synonym(s): Engelmannia pinnatifida
USDA Symbol: ENPE4
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
The several stout stems of this perennial usually grow 2 ft. tall and are branched above to form a rounded crown. Long-stalked, yellow, eight-petaled flowers open in late afternoon then fold under in intense heat and sunlight the next day. There are few to several flowers in the terminal clusters about 1 1/2 inches across. The 8-10 ray flowers are 1/2 inch long and are indented at the tip. The deeply cleft and toothed leaves are mostly basal, forming a large clump or winter rosette.
This plant is popular on roadsides and blooms well even in drought conditions. Engelmannia is somewhat unusual in that it is a monotypic genus, meaning it contains one species.
The genus of this plant is named for George Engelmann (1809-1884) who was born in Germany and settled in St. Louis, Missouri, as a young man. He was a physician and botanist, describing especially North American Abies (Firs), Agaves, Cactus (for which he described more than 108 species), Cuscuta (Dodder), Euphorbiaceae (Spurge Family), Juncus (Rushes), Juniperus (“Cedar”), Pinus (Pines), Vitis (Grapes), and Yuccas. When he died much of his collection went to Missouri Botanical Garden.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Pinnate
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall, often shorter.
Flower: Flowers 1 to 1 1/2 inches.
Fruit: Brown. Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul
DistributionUSA: AR , AZ , CO , KS , MO , NM , OK , SD , TX
Native Distribution: South-central North America from Kansas, Arkansas, and Colorado in the north, south through Texas and New Mexico to northeastern Mexico
Native Habitat: Open, calcareous fields; roadsides
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Calcareous loams and clays. Found on dry, open sandy or limestone sites.
Conditions Comments: This plant is popular on roadsides and blooms well even in drought conditions. Engelmann daisy is excellent in a garden border or in a wildflower meadow. Each plant forms an evergreen rosette with deeply lobed leaves. Grows as a sturdy, heat and drought tolerant plant. Birds relish the seeds.
BenefitUse Food: This plant is preferred by livestock, and will disappear from grazed areas.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: No
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: A fall seeding is recommended. Be sure seeds are in good contact with the soil by lightly raking the soil into loose topsoil. Engelmannia has a long taproot and is best transplanted in winter during its rosette stage.
Seed Collection: Collect seed in June.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Supplemental watering may be required if winter and spring are unusually dry. Watering often extends the flowering period. After flowering ceases, allow seeds to completely mature before mowing for reseeding or collecting seed to plant in a new location. If cut back in late summer, they sometimes bloom again in fall.
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List of native perennial Texas flowers
March 13, 2006
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From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0090 Collected Mar. 28, 1991 in Bexar County by Mollie Walton
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-56 Collected 2006-05-24 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1984 VOL. 1, NO.4 - Lady Bird Heartened by Progress, Horticultural Society Annual Meeting Held, Dire...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Engelmannia peristenia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Engelmannia peristenia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Engelmannia peristenia
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-12-26
Research By: TWC Staff, TMH