Elymus hystrix L.
Eastern Bottlebrush Grass, Bottlebrush Grass
Poaceae (Grass Family)
USDA Symbol: ELHY
Together, the groups of spikelets resemble a bottlebrush, hence the common name. The species name, from the Greek hystrix ("hedgehog"), aptly describes the bristly spikelets. This grass is sometimes known as Hystrix patula.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Class: 1-3 ft. , 3-6 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: MB , NB , NS , ON , QC
Native Distribution: Manitoba east to Nova Scotia, south to Georgia, west to Oklahoma, and north to North Dakota.
Native Habitat: Woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil Description: Loam
BenefitUse Ornamental: A grass that does well in a woodland garden with other species that grow in filtered light
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Northern Pearly Eye, (Enodia anthedon)
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Northern Pearly Eye |
Learn more at BAMONA
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Elymus hystrix in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Elymus hystrix in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Elymus hystrix
MetadataRecord Modified: 2012-12-07
Research By: TWC Staff