Croton fruticulosus Engelm. ex Torr.
Bush Croton, Encinilla, Hierba Loca
Euphorbiaceae (Spurge Family)
USDA Symbol: CRFR
A shrub up to 3 feet or more tall. On limestone ledges and slopes. Stems slender, smooth, brown or gray, leaf bearing branchlets yellowish or grayish green and densely covered with stellate hairs visible under a 10x hand lens. Leaf blades up to 3 inches long, ovate to narrower, with smooth to sparsely and finely toothed margins, pointed at the tip, and rounded or slightly lobed at the base. Both surfaces on younger leaves velvety to the touch, the upper frequently olive green, the lower grayish green and densely covered with stellate hairs, aromatic when crushed. Flowers about 1/8 inch wide, on terminal extensions of the branchlets. Fruit a slightly 3 lobed spherical capsule 1/4 inch in diameter, covered with stellate hairs.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Shape: Oblanceolate , Ovate
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
DistributionUSA: AZ , NM , TX
Native Habitat: Usually on limestone hills, bluffs, canyons, or rocky ravines at altitudes of 1,000-4,500 feet; in Central and Western Texas.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Drought Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Frequent in brush on limestone uplands.
Conditions Comments: Good shrub for shady spots, fragrant foliage and bright yellow fall color.
BenefitFragrant Flowers: yes
Deer Resistant: High
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Patsy Glenn Refuge - Wimberley, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
Jacob's Well Natural Area - Wimberley, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0610 Collected May 13, 1992 in Medina County by Harry Cliffe
NPSOT 0268 Collected July 4, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
BibliographyBibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston
Bibref 354 - Native & Naturalized Woody Plants of Austin & the Hill Country (1981) Lynch, D.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Croton fruticulosus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Croton fruticulosus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Croton fruticulosus
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-03
Research By: NPC